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To survive in hypoxic environments, organisms must be able to cope with redox imbalance and oxygen deficiency. The SIRT1 deacetylase and the HIF-1alpha transcription factor act as redox and oxygen sensors, respectively. Here, we found that SIRT1 binds to HIF-1alpha and deacetylates it at Lys674, which is acetylated by PCAF. By doing so, SIRT1 inactivated(More)
Arrest defective 1 (ARD1), an acetyltransferase, is essential for the yeast life cycle. Although its human homologue (hARD1) has been identified, its biological functions in human cells remain unclear. In the present study, we examined the biological function of hARD1. In H1299 and A549 lung cancer cells, hARD1-silencing RNA inhibited cell proliferation and(More)
BACKGROUND The enhancement of cell motility is a critical event during tumor cell spreading. Since myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) regulates cell behavior, it is regarded as a promising target in terms of preventing tumor invasion and metastasis. Since MLCK was identified to be associated with human arrest defective-1 (hARD1) through yeast two-hybrid(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is composed of HIF-1alpha and HIF-1beta, and is a master regulator of oxygen homeostasis, playing critical roles in physiological and pathological processes. Normally, the formation and transcriptional activity of HIF-1 depend on the amount of HIF-1alpha, and the expression of HIF-1alpha is tightly controlled by the(More)
Although a splice variant of mouse mARD1s was found to acetylate and destabilize hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha), human hARD1 has no such activities. Nonetheless, hARD1 has been reported to bind directly with HIF-1alpha. Here, we addressed the functional significance of the hARD1-HIF-1alpha interaction. Because hARD1 acetylates and activates(More)
SIRT1 is an NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase induced by metabolic stresses, such as nutrition or oxygen deprivation. Although SIRT1 contributes to aging and metabolic disorders, its role in cancer progression and therapeutic responses remains controversial. Because hypoxia occurs widely in solid tumors, where it provokes drug resistance, we investigated(More)
Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) transactivates many genes required for osteoblast differentiation. The role of N-α-acetyltransferase 10 (NAA10, arrest-defective-1), originally identified in yeast, remains poorly understood in mammals. Here we report a new NAA10 function in Runx2-mediated osteogenesis. Runx2 stabilizes NAA10 in osteoblasts during(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1alpha), a component of HIF-1, is expressed in human tumors and renders cells able to survive and grow under hypoxic (low-oxygen) conditions. YC-1, 3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole, an agent developed for circulatory disorders that inhibits platelet aggregation and vascular contraction, inhibits(More)
Aberrantly enhanced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene expression is associated with increased tumor growth and metastatic spread of solid malignancies, including human renal carcinomas. Persistent activation of STAT3 is linked to tumor-associated angiogenesis, but underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, we examined whether STAT3(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 plays a key role in tumor promotion by inducing approximately 60 genes required for tumor adaptation to hypoxia; thus, it is viewed as a target for cancer therapy. For this reason, YC-1, which down-regulates HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha at the post-translational level, is being developed as a novel anticancer drug. We here(More)