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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several studies have reported that diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is able to help discriminate a Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-p) from Parkinson's disease (PD) on the basis of the increased regional apparent diffusion coefficient (rADC). We analyzed the usefulness of DWI by using the rADC for differential(More)
The development of hyperexcitability in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a well-known phenomenon. Despite controversy as to the underlying mechanisms, cortical hyperexcitability appears to be closely related to the interplay between excitatory corticomotoneurons and inhibitory interneurons. Hyperexcitability is not a static phenomenon but rather shows(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy is a nonoperative method for accessing bilio-enteric anastomotic strictures that cannot be reached via the transpapillary route. This study evaluated the immediate and long-term results of treatment via percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy of patients with benign bilio-enteric anastomotic strictures.(More)
OBJECTIVE To categorize a syndrome manifesting as prominent acute bulbar palsy (ABP) without limb motor weakness as a variant form of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and differentiate it from Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) and pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) variants. METHODS We analyzed cases of ABP without limb motor weakness based on a dataset(More)
OBJECTIVE The threshold tracking technique is a new approach to non-invasively assess biophysical properties of axonal membrane in human subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of age and gender on excitability properties of human motor axons. METHODS Computerized threshold tracking was used to measure multiple excitability indices in(More)
The flexor pollicis longus (FPL), a key muscle involved in fractionated thumb movements, may be relatively spared in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) compared to the thenar group of muscles, termed the split-hand plus sign. Consequently, the diagnostic utility of the split-hand plus sign was prospectively assessed in ALS. In total, 103 patients (37 ALS(More)
It has been suggested that corticomotoneuronal drive to ankle dorsiflexors is greater than to ankle plantar flexor muscles, despite the finding that plantar flexors are no less active than TA during walking and standing. The present study was undertaken to determine whether there was differential involvement of distal lower limb muscles in amyotrophic(More)
Although oral corticosteroids are effective for the treatment of myasthenia gravis (MG), the possibility of steroid-induced exacerbation of symptoms, especially during the initial course of steroid therapy, has limited their use patients with severe MG. However, the factors influencing or predicting in exacerbation are not well understood. The purpose of(More)
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a late-onset muscle disorder characterized by progressive dysphagia and bilateral ptosis. Mutations in the polyadenylate binding protein nuclear 1 (PABPN1) gene have been found to cause OPMD. The typical mutation is a stable trinucleotide repeat expansion in the first exon of the PABPN1 gene, in which (GCG)(6) is(More)
Although there have been reports regarding the frequent involvement of the pupils in Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) and related syndromes, internal ophthalmoplegia has not been described as the initial sole manifestation of typical MFS. Recently, we encountered a woman with MFS whose initial manifestation was blurred vision because of bilateral tonic pupils.(More)