Jong Kyung Sonn

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Protein kinase C (PKC) has been suggested to be involved in the chondrogenesis of chick limb bud mesenchymal cells. This study examined the expression and the role of PKC isozymes in chondrogenesis. Multiple PKC isozymes such as conventional PKC (cPKC alpha and gamma), new PKC (nPKC epsilon), and atypical PKC (aPKC zeta, lambda, and tau) were expressed in(More)
A possible regulatory mechanism of protein kinase C (PKC) in the chondrogenesis of chick limb bud mesenchymes has been investigated. Inhibition or down-regulation of PKC resulted in the activation of a mitogen-activated protein kinase subtype Erk-1 and the inhibition of chondrogenesis. On the other hand, inhibition of Erk-1 with PD98059 enhanced(More)
To investigate the relationship between protein kinase C (PKC) and chondrogenesis, PKC activity was assayed in cultures of stage 23/24 chick limb bud mesenchymal cells under various conditions. PKC activities of cytosolic and particulate fractions were low in 1 day cultured cells. As chondrogenesis proceeds, cytosolic PKC activity increased more than(More)
Disruption of actin cytoskeleton with cytochalasin D has been known to induce chondrogenic differentiation of chick embryo limb bud mesenchymal cells. However, the mechanism(s) for the induction of chondrogenesis by cytochalasin D is not yet clearly known. In the present study, we examined possible involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) and extracellular(More)
To investigate the effects of chitosan on the redifferentiation of dedifferentiated chondrocytes, we used chondrocytes obtained from a micromass culture system. Micromass cultures of chick wing bud mesenchymal cells yielded differentiated chondrocytes, but these dedifferentiated during serial monolayer subculture. When the dedifferentiated chondrocytes were(More)
Chondrogenesis of chick limb bud mesenchymes requires the expression and activation of protein kinase C (PKC). This study was performed to identify PKC isoform(s) involved in the regulation chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymes. Multiple PKC isoforms including alpha, epsilon, zeta and lambda/iota were expressed in mesenchymes derived from chick limb(More)
Cell shape change and cytoskeletal reorganization are known to be involved in the chondrogenesis. Negative role of RhoA, a cytoskeleton-regulating protein, and its downstream target, Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) in the chondrogenesis has been studied in many different culture systems including primary chondrocytes, chondrogenic cell lines,(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays crucial roles in controlling cell differentiation and maintaining tissue integrity. Previously we reported that TGF-beta3 treatment decreased the mRNA expression of the gap junction protein, connexin 43 as well as cell number, which lead to the inhibition of chondrogenic condensation in cultured chick leg bud(More)
Disruption of the actin cytoskeleton in subconfluent mesenchymal cells induces chondrogenic differentiation via protein kinase C (PKC) alpha signaling. In this study, we investigated the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in the chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal cells that is induced by depolymerization of the actin cytoskeleton.(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is known to modulate bone metabolism, including bone formation and resorption. Because cartilage serves as a template for endochondral bone formation and because cartilage development is initiated by the differentiation of mesenchymal cells into chondrocytes (Ahrens et al., 1977; Sandell and Adler, 1999; Solursh, 1989), it is of(More)