Learn More
The transcription of neuron-specific genes must be repressed in nonneuronal cells. REST/NRSF is a transcription factor that restricts the expression of many neuronal genes through interaction with the neuron-restrictive silencer element at the promoter level. PAHX-AP1 is a neuronal gene that is developmentally up-regulated in the adult mouse brain but that(More)
BACKGROUND A number of distinct stress signaling pathways in myocardium cause cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Class II histone deacetylases (HDACs) antagonize several stress-induced pathways and hypertrophy. However, cardiac hypertrophy induced by transgenic overexpression of the homeodomain only protein, HOP, can be prevented by the nonspecific HDAC(More)
The system L-amino acid transporter is a major nutrient transport system that is responsible for Na+-independent transport of neutral amino acids including several essential amino acids. We have compared and examined the expressions and functions of the system L-amino acid transporters in both rat astrocyte cultures and C6 glioma cells. The rat astrocyte(More)
Recent studies have shown that neuroblasts migrate from the subventricular zone (SVZ) into the injured area after ischemic brain insults. However, it is not well understood which mechanism mediates this ectopic migration and which types of cells migrate into the damaged region from the SVZ. The present study was designed to investigate the characteristics(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression is common after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and has adverse effects on prognosis. There are few evidence-based interventions for treating depression in ACS. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of escitalopram in treating depressive disorders identified 2-14 weeks after a confirmed ACS episode. METHOD A total of 217(More)
The probiotic potential of a Lactobacillus strain, isolated from pig faeces, was assessed as a probiotic in piglets. The strain was examined for resistance to pH 2.0, 0.5% oxgall and antibiotics, and antimicrobial activities against enteric pathogenic bacteria. The probiotic strain, L. reuteri BSA131, was administered through the feed to 25 1-month-old(More)
BACKGROUND Acetaldehyde, the first product of ethanol metabolization, is a biologically active compound, but the behavioral properties of acetaldehyde in humans are largely undefined. We investigated the acute effects of both alcohol and acetaldehyde on psychomotor functions related to automobile driving skills. METHODS Twenty-four men were selected(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated the acute effects of ethanol and acetaldehyde on physiological responses in healthy men according to ALDH2 genotype by measuring them directly in human blood. METHODS Twenty-four men, 12 with the ALDH2*1/*1 genotype and 12 with the ALDH2*1/*2 genotype, were selected. In a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover design,(More)
Murine brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1 and 2 (mBAI1, mBAI2) are involved in angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia. In this study, mBAI3 was cloned and characterized. Northern and Western blot analyses demonstrated a unique developmental expression pattern in the brain. The level of mBAI3 in brain peaked 1 day after birth, unlike mBAI1 and mBAI2,(More)
Previously, we reported the expression and function of system L amino acid transporter in KB human oral epidermoid carcinoma cells. In the present study, therefore, we investigated the expression and function of system L amino acid transporter in human normal oral keratinocytes (HNOK) and compared the expressions and functions of system L amino acid(More)