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The aim of these two studies was to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of oral nalmefene, a new orally effective opioid antagonist. In the first study, single ascending doses of 50, 100, 200, and 300 mg of nalmefene HCl were administered in double-blind fashion to four groups of healthy men. There were six subjects in each group; four received(More)
Highly uniform Fe3O4/SiO2 core/shell nanoparticles functionalized by phosphorescent iridium complexes (Ir) have been strategically designed and synthesized. The Fe3O4/SiO2(Ir) nanocomposite demonstrates its versatility in various applications: the magnetic core provides the capability for magnetic resonance imaging and the great enhancement of the(More)
Tumblerlike magnetic/fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled mesoporous silica nanoparticles, Mag-Dye@MSNs, have been developed, which are composed of silica-coated core-shell superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO@SiO(2)) nanoparticles co-condensed with FITC-incorporated mesoporous silica. Mag-Dye@MSNs can label human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) through(More)
A superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticle is emerging as an ideal probe for noninvasive cell tracking. However, its low intracellular labeling efficiency has limited the potential usage and has evoked great interest in developing new labeling strategies. We have developed fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-incorporated silica-coated core-shell SPIO(More)
Our goal was to analyze the changes in morphology and physiological function (phagocytosis, migratory capabilities, humoral and cellular response, and nitric oxide secretion) of murine macrophages after labeling with a clinically used superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO), ferucarbotran. In SPIO-treated macrophages, nanoparticles were taken up in the(More)
Splaying of the carotid bifurcation revealed by an imaging study is usually indicative of a carotid body tumor, but there are other possibilities. To promote awareness of a cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma as another cause of splaying of the carotid bifurcation, we present a case of cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma, with an additional 7 cases in(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles are very useful for monitoring cell trafficking in vivo and distinguish whether cellular regeneration originated from an exogenous cell source, which is a key issue for developing successful stem cell therapies. However, the impact of SPIO labeling on stem cell behavior remains uncertain. Here, we show the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of calcium channel blockers on blood perfusion of vertebral bone marrow in the lumbar spine. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen healthy volunteers (eight men and eight women) underwent dynamic contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the lumbar spine. One hundred twenty minutes after the first MR(More)
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) causes mucosal barrier damage and bacterial translocation (BT), leading to septic complications. Previous in vitro studies showed that activation of sodium/glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) prevented the epithelial apoptosis and permeability rise induced by microbial products. Our aim was to investigate whether luminal(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles show promise as labels for cellular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the application of stem cell-based therapy. However, the unaddressed concerns about the impact of SPIO nanoparticles on stem cell attributes make the feasibility of SPIO labeling uncertain. Here, we show that the labeling of human(More)