Jong-Kai Hsiao

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Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) causes mucosal barrier damage and bacterial translocation (BT), leading to septic complications. Previous in vitro studies showed that activation of sodium/glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) prevented the epithelial apoptosis and permeability rise induced by microbial products. Our aim was to investigate whether luminal(More)
The progress of using gadolinium (Gd)-based nanoparticles in cellular tracking lags behind that of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Here, dual functional Gd-fluorescein isothiocyanate mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Gd-Dye@MSN) that possess green fluorescence and paramagnetism are developed in order to(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of bacterial pyomyositis (PM) and correlate these data with the clinical information. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighty-one patients were diagnosed with PM in our institute between 1997 and 2003. Of these, 40 patients (21 male, 19 female; mean age, 53 years) also underwent MRI(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Recent three-dimensional multidetector row computed tomography (3D MDCT) can provide detailed images of a gastric tumor, including its general contour, location and depth. We therefore evaluated the efficacy of MDCT in the differential diagnosis and staging of gastric tumors in patients prepared for surgery. METHODS Seventy-nine(More)
Our goal was to analyze the changes in morphology and physiological function (phagocytosis, migratory capabilities, humoral and cellular response, and nitric oxide secretion) of murine macrophages after labeling with a clinically used superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO), ferucarbotran. In SPIO-treated macrophages, nanoparticles were taken up in the(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles are very useful for monitoring cell trafficking in vivo and distinguish whether cellular regeneration originated from an exogenous cell source, which is a key issue for developing successful stem cell therapies. However, the impact of SPIO labeling on stem cell behavior remains uncertain. Here, we show the(More)
The purpose of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of labeling human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) by ionic superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) without a transfection agent and verifying its capability to be detected with clinical 1.5 T magnetic resonance (MR) at the single-cell level. Human hMSCs were incubated for 24 h with an ionic SPIO,(More)
A superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticle is emerging as an ideal probe for noninvasive cell tracking. However, its low intracellular labeling efficiency has limited the potential usage and has evoked great interest in developing new labeling strategies. We have developed fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-incorporated silica-coated core-shell SPIO(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles are very useful in cell imaging; meanwhile, however, biosafety concerns associated with their use, especially on therapeutic stem cells, have arisen. Most studies of biosafety issues focus on whether the nanoparticles have deleterious effects. Here, we report that Ferucarbotran, an ionic SPIO, is not toxic(More)
The aim of these two studies was to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of oral nalmefene, a new orally effective opioid antagonist. In the first study, single ascending doses of 50, 100, 200, and 300 mg of nalmefene HCl were administered in double-blind fashion to four groups of healthy men. There were six subjects in each group; four received(More)