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BACKGROUND AND AIMS In a previous study, the authors found that reduced expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha might play an important role in developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of PPAR-alpha and -gamma agonists on NAFLD and verify the mechanisms underlying the(More)
BACKGROUND Quality of life (QOL) in patients with functional dyspepsia in South Korea has never been studied, mostly due to the lack of a psychometrically validated disease-specific instrument for measuring the QOL. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a QOL scale for patients with functional dyspepsia. METHODS A Functional(More)
Degradation of the extracellular matrix is an essential step in tumor invasion and metastasis. It involves the actions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). We evaluated the expression of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in gastric carcinomas and the relationship between this expression and tumor recurrence. Eighty(More)
Methylation rates of the Ras association domain family 1A gene (RASSF1A) have been variously reported as between 7.5 and 66.7% in gastric carcinoma tissues. The role of this gene in gastric cancer also remains to be fully elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate whether promoter hypermethylation of RASSF1A occurs in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues(More)
AIM To compare the antiviral efficacy of adefovir (ADV) in lamivudine (LMV)-resistant patients with LMV treatment in nucleoside-naive patients, using serum samples collected sequentially during the course of treatment progressing from LMV to ADV. METHODS Forty-four patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were included. The patients were initially treated(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is accepted as a standard treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC) and gastric adenoma. Occasionally, tumorous lesion is not found and pathologic discrepancies can occur after ESD. The aim of this study was to analyze the factors affecting the negative pathologic results after ESD. METHODS We(More)
Although the incidence of hepatolithiasis is decreasing as the pattern of gallstone disease changes in Asia, the prevalence of hepatolithiasis is persistently high, especially in Far Eastern countries. Hepatolithiasis is an established risk factor for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), and chronic proliferative inflammation may be involved in biliary carcinogenesis(More)
Frequently used for humans as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, naproxen has been known to induce ulcerative gastric lesion. The present study investigated the in vivo protective effect of astaxanthin isolated from Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous against naproxen-induced gastric antral ulceration in rats. The oral administration of astaxanthin (1, 5, and(More)
Signaling pathways of gastric carcinogenesis and gastric cancer progression are being avidly studied to seek optimal treatment of gastric cancer. Among them, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-MET, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3)(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a widely accepted treatment for early gastric cancer (EGC), especially in Korea and Japan. The criteria for the therapeutic use of ESD for EGC have been expanded recently. However, attention should be drawn to the technical feasibility of the ESD treatment which depends on a lesion's location, size or fibrosis(More)