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The selective detection of the anion pyrophosphate (PPi) is a major research focus. PPi is a biologically important target because it is the product of ATP hydrolysis under cellular conditions, and because it is involved in DNA replication catalyzed by DNA polymerase, its detection is being investigated as a real-time DNA sequencing method. In addition,(More)
Staphylococcus aureus frequently invades the human bloodstream, leading to life threatening bacteremia and often secondary foci of infection. Failure of antibiotic therapy to eradicate infection is frequently described; in some cases associated with altered S. aureus antimicrobial resistance or the small colony variant (SCV) phenotype. Newer antimicrobials,(More)
We have successfully developed a fluoride ion probe for fluorescence cell bioimaging-desirable properties include retention of the fluorophore inside cells, non-cytotoxicity to mammalian cells, appreciable solubility in water, and stoichiometric reaction with analytes.
Legionella pneumophila is a waterborne pathogen, and survival in the aquatic environment is central to its transmission to humans. Therefore, identifying genes required for its survival in water could help prevent Legionnaires' disease outbreaks. In the present study, we investigate the role of the sigma factor RpoS in promoting survival in water, where L.(More)
UNLABELLED The hypersensitive response and pathogenicity (hrp) type III secretion system (T3SS) is a key pathogenicity factor in Erwinia amylovora. Previous studies have demonstrated that the T3SS in E. amylovora is transcriptionally regulated by a sigma factor cascade. In this study, the role of the bacterial alarmone ppGpp in activating the T3SS and(More)
In nutrient-starved bacteria, RelA and SpoT proteins have key roles in reducing cell growth and overcoming stresses. Here we identify functional SpoT orthologs in metazoa (named Mesh1, encoded by HDDC3 in human and Q9VAM9 in Drosophila melanogaster) and reveal their structures and functions. Like the bacterial enzyme, Mesh1 proteins contain an active site(More)
We have developed a chromogenic and fluorescent chemodosimeter 1 based on the release of resorufin for F- (TBA+ and Na+ salts). This dosimeter 1 displayed drastic dual changes in UV-vis absorption and fluorescence emission intensities selectively for F- over other anions in CH3CN/H2O (50:50, v/v) as well as in acetonitrile.
Development of nontoxic, tumor-targetable, and potent in vivo RNA delivery systems remains an arduous challenge for clinical application of RNAi therapeutics. Herein, we report a versatile RNAi nanoplatform based on tumor-targeted and pH-responsive nanoformulas (NFs). The NF was engineered by combination of an artificial RNA receptor, Zn(II)-DPA, with a(More)
In cellular signaling, adenylyl cyclase plays a key role in the hydrolysis of ATP to cyclic AMP and pyrophosphate. Using a synthetic fluorescent chemosensor (PyDPA) which binds strongly to the pyrophosphate group, we have developed a label-free fluorescent real-time detection system for adenylyl cyclase. This assay would be the first adenylyl cyclase assay(More)