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Legionella pneumophila is a waterborne pathogen, and survival in the aquatic environment is central to its transmission to humans. Therefore, identifying genes required for its survival in water could help prevent Legionnaires' disease outbreaks. In the present study, we investigate the role of the sigma factor RpoS in promoting survival in water, where L.(More)
Staphylococcus aureus frequently invades the human bloodstream, leading to life threatening bacteremia and often secondary foci of infection. Failure of antibiotic therapy to eradicate infection is frequently described; in some cases associated with altered S. aureus antimicrobial resistance or the small colony variant (SCV) phenotype. Newer antimicrobials,(More)
The selective detection of the anion pyrophosphate (PPi) is a major research focus. PPi is a biologically important target because it is the product of ATP hydrolysis under cellular conditions, and because it is involved in DNA replication catalyzed by DNA polymerase, its detection is being investigated as a real-time DNA sequencing method. In addition,(More)
In cellular signaling, adenylyl cyclase plays a key role in the hydrolysis of ATP to cyclic AMP and pyrophosphate. Using a synthetic fluorescent chemosensor (PyDPA) which binds strongly to the pyrophosphate group, we have developed a label-free fluorescent real-time detection system for adenylyl cyclase. This assay would be the first adenylyl cyclase assay(More)
In nutrient-starved bacteria, RelA and SpoT proteins have key roles in reducing cell growth and overcoming stresses. Here we identify functional SpoT orthologs in metazoa (named Mesh1, encoded by HDDC3 in human and Q9VAM9 in Drosophila melanogaster) and reveal their structures and functions. Like the bacterial enzyme, Mesh1 proteins contain an active site(More)
A Co(II)-salen based fluorescent sensor (1.Co) that can selectively recognize cyanide anions in 1:2 binding stoichiometry over other anions has been developed. 1.Co displayed fluorescence enhancement upon the addition of cyanide owing to the interruption of photoinduced electron transfer from the coumarin fluorophore to the cobalt(II) ion. A general(More)
Synthesis and complexation behavior of ditopic neutral receptors composed of both a Lewis-acidic binding site (zinc porphyrin moiety) and a Lewis-basic binding site (crown ether moiety) are reported; the receptors bound only NaCN in a ditopic fashion with a color change, and in contrast other sodium salts bound to the receptors in a monotopic fashion(More)
Although blood neutrophils with toxic granulation provide an excellent means of evaluating acute bacterial infections, the methods are labor-intensive and their reproducibilities depend on the staining technique and the observer's judgment. We measured the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) content of normal neutrophils and neutrophils with toxic granulation(More)