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Recent advances in high-field MRI have dramatically improved the visualization of human brain anatomy in vivo. Most notably, in cortical gray matter, strong contrast variations have been observed that appear to reflect the local laminar architecture. This contrast has been attributed to subtle variations in the magnetic properties of brain tissue, possibly(More)
Recent advances in high-field (>or=7 T) MRI have made it possible to study the fine structure of the human brain at the level of fiber bundles and cortical layers. In particular, techniques aimed at detecting MRI resonance frequency shifts originating from local variation in magnetic susceptibility and other sources have greatly improved the visualization(More)
Visualizing myelin in human brain may help the study of diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Previous studies based on T(1) and T(2) relaxation contrast have suggested the presence of a distinct water pool that may report directly on local myelin content. Recent work indicates that T(2) contrast may offer particular advantages over T(1) and T(2) contrast,(More)
Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (fMRI) is an important method for functional neuroimaging that is sensitive to changes in blood oxygenation related to brain activation. While BOLD imaging has good spatial coverage and resolution relative to other neuroimaging methods (such as positron emission tomography (PET)), it has significant(More)
There is a long history and a growing interest in the canine as a subject of study in neuroscience research and in translational neurology. In the last few years, anatomical and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of awake and anesthetized dogs have been reported. Such efforts can be enhanced by a population atlas of canine brain anatomy to(More)
In transition-band steady-state free precession (SSFP) functional MRI (fMRI), functional contrast originates from a bulk frequency shift induced by a deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration change in the activated brain regions. This frequency shift causes a magnitude and/or phase-signal change depending on the off-resonance distribution of a voxel in the(More)
— In this letter, we propose an iterative time and frequency synchronization scheme for orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) uplink system using the space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithm. In the proposed scheme, the expectation step of the SAGE algorithm is intended to remove the multiple-access(More)
—In this letter, we propose an iterative detection scheme in the presence of residual frequency offset (RFO) for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing systems using an approximate application of the space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithm. In the proposed scheme, the expectation step intends to divide the received signal(More)
In functional MRI (fMRI) the resonance frequency shift induced from respiration is a major source of physiological noise. In transition-band SSFP fMRI the respiration-induced resonance offset not only increases noise interference, it also shifts the activation band. This leads to a reduction in the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and the potential for varying(More)
—A joint carrier frequency synchronization and channel estimation scheme is proposed for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system. In the proposed scheme, carrier frequency synchronization and channel estimation are performed iteratively via the expectation–maximization (EM) algorithm using an OFDM preamble symbol. Moreover, we analytically(More)