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Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5), a neuronal Cdc2-like kinase, exhibits a variety of functions in neuronal differentiation and neurocytoskeleton dynamics, as well as neuronal degeneration. However, its role and induction mechanisms in retinoic acid (RA)-induced neuronal differentiation have not been well understood. In this study we newly found that RA(More)
CAP18 (18-kDa cationic antimicrobial protein) is a protein originally identified and purified from rabbit leukocytes on the basis of its capacity to bind and inhibit various activities of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here we report the cloning of human CAP18 and characterize the anti-LPS activity of the C-terminal fragment. Oligonucleotide probes designed from(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) is one of the major neurotransmitters that determine melatonin production in the pineal gland. Although a substantial amount of Ca(2+) influx is triggered by NE, the Ca(2+) entry pathway and its physiological relevance have not been elucidated adequately. Herein we report that the Ca(2+) influx triggered by NE significantly regulates the(More)
In pathogenic bacteria, iron acquisition is important for colonization and proliferation in the host under iron-limited conditions. The ability of Vibrio spp. to acquire iron is often critical to their virulence, causing gastroenteritis or excessive watery diarrhea in humans. In the study described here, we cloned the 2,100-bp heme utilization protein gene(More)
The aim of this study was to characterise the structural features of glycoprotein isolated from the brown alga Saccharina japonica (SJGP) and to evaluate its effects on the probiotic properties of Lactobacillus plantarum in Caco-2 cells. The amino acid profile, protein backbone and monosaccharides were analysed by amino acid analysis, Fourier transform(More)
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