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The six operators of phage lambda and their consensus sequence were synthesized as 21 base-pair DNAs and their interactions with Cro repressor were studied using a filter binding assay. The measured equilibrium dissociation constants suggest that Cro has the highest affinity to the consensus operator (KD = 1.2 X 10(-12) M) and then the OR3 operator (KD =(More)
Interferons (IFNs) play critical roles in host defense by modulating gene expression via activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) factors. IFN-alpha/beta also activates another transcription factor, nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), which protects cells against apoptotic stimuli. NF-kappaB activation requires the IFN-dependent(More)
Insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are targets for insecticides. Despite the importance of the nAChR as a major target for insecticide action, modulators of nAChRs in insects remain unidentified. Here we describe the cloning and identification of a nAChR modulator gene in an insect. This gene was isolated by searching the firefly Pyrocoelia(More)
IFNs play critical roles in host defense by modulating the expression of various genes via signal transducer and activator of transcription factors. We show that IFNalpha/beta activates another important transcription factor, NF-kappaB. DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaB was induced by multiple type 1 IFNs and was promoted by IFN in a diverse group of human,(More)
The mode of interaction of Cro repressor with specific and nonspecific sites on DNA was explored by chemical modification and protection of lysine and tyrosine residues. Cro has 8 lysines. In the presence of DNA, lysines 32 and 56 are fully protected and lysines 21, 62, and 63 are partially protected from alkylation. However, the terminal amino group and(More)
The luminescent fireflies have species specific flash patterns, being recognized as sexual communication. The luciferase gene is the sole enzyme responsible for bioluminescence. We describe here the complete nucleotide sequence and the exon-intron structure of the luciferase gene of the Hotaria-group fireflies, H. unmunsana, H. papariensis and H.(More)
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