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Nanocomposite scaffolds with tailored 3D pore configuration are promising candidates for the reconstruction of bone. Here we fabricated novel nanocomposite bone scaffolds through robocasting. Poly(caprolactone) (PCL)-hydroxyapatite (HA) slurry containing ionically modified carbon nanotubes (imCNTs) was robotic-dispensed and structured layer-by-layer into(More)
Responses of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cultured with zinc-added (2 and 5%) bioactive glass granules were evaluated in terms of cell growth and osteogenic differentiation. MSCs were cultured with different quantities (3, 10 and 30) of glass granules for up to 21 days in the osteogenic medium. Cell growth was stimulated by a small quantity of glasses,(More)
Inorganic bioactive nanomaterials are attractive for hard tissue regeneration, including nanocomponents for bone replacement composites and nanovehicles for delivering therapeutics. Bioactive glass nanoparticles (BGn) have recently gained potential usefulness as bone and tooth regeneratives. Here we demonstrate the capacity of the BGn with mesopores to load(More)
New tissue-engineering tool for bone regeneration is described to facilitate homogeneous cell seeding and effective osteogenic development. Calcium phosphate (CaP) scaffolds with macrochanneled and well-defined pore structure was developed, however, a large portion of the cells seeded directly within the scaffold easily penetrates without good adhesion to(More)
Here, we prepared self-setting calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) based on α-tricalcium phosphate with the incorporation of sodium alginate, and their mechanical properties and in vitro cellular responses were investigated. The addition of alginate enhanced the hardening reaction of CPCs showing shorter setting times within a range of powder-to-liquid ratios.(More)
Growth factors (GFs) such as BMPs, FGFs, VEGFs and IGFs have significant impacts on osteoblast behavior, and thus have been widely utilized for bone tissue regeneration. Recently, securing biological stability for a sustainable and controllable release to the target tissue has been a challenge to practical applications. This challenge has been addressed to(More)
Effects of three-dimensional (3D) calcium phosphate (CaP) porous granules on the growth and odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) were examined for dental tissue engineering. hDPSCs isolated from adult human dental pulps were cultured for 3-4 passages, and populated on porous granules. Cell growth on the culture dish showed an(More)
The development of smart biomaterials for tissue regeneration has become the focus of intense research interest. More opportunities are available by the composite approach of combining the biomaterials in the form of biopolymers and/or bioceramics either synthetic or natural. Strategies to provide smart capabilities to the composite biomaterials primarily(More)
A reliable source of osteogenic cells is an essential factor for bone tissue engineering. In this study, human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) without an embryoid body step were cultured in macrochanneled poly(caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds prepared using a robotic dispensing technique, after which osteogenesis was promoted by the addition of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM A novel nanofibrous membrane of a degradable biopolymer poly (lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL) for guided bone regeneration (GBR) was designed and its tissue compatibility and ability to promote the regeneration of new bone were investigated in a rat mandibular defect model. MATERIALS AND METHODS The nanofibrous structuring of the PLCL(More)