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Partial parallel imaging (PPI) techniques using array coils and multichannel receivers have become an effective approach to achieving fast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This article presents a Matlab toolbox called PULSAR (Parallel imaging Utilizing Localized Surface-coil Acquisition and Reconstruction) that can simulate the data acquisition and image(More)
PURPOSE To develop a fast T1-weighted, fat-suppressed three-dimensional dual echo Dixon technique and to demonstrate its use in contrast agent enhanced MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS A product fast three-dimensional gradient echo pulse sequence was modified to acquire dual echoes after each RF excitation with water and fat signals in-phase (IP) and(More)
PURPOSE To develop a flexible fast spin echo (FSE) triple-echo Dixon (FTED) technique. METHODS An FSE pulse sequence was modified by replacing each readout gradient with three fast-switching bipolar readout gradients with minimal interecho dead time. The corresponding three echoes were used to generate three raw images with relative phase shifts of -θ, 0,(More)
Previously published fast spin-echo (FSE) implementations of a Dixon method for water and fat separation all require multiple scans and thus a relatively long scan time. Further, the minimum echo spacing (esp), a time critical for FSE image quality and scan efficiency, often needs to be increased in order to bring about the required phase shift between the(More)
This work presents an adaptive SENSE reconstruction method for parallel magnetic resonance imaging with a large number of localized coils. This method uses a Gaussian model to obtain improved coil sensitivity estimate. For image reconstruction, it dynamically selects a subset of receiver channels, in a pixel-by-pixel fashion, to improve computational(More)
A fast spin echo two-point Dixon (fast 2PD) technique was developed for efficient T2-weighted imaging with uniform water and fat separation. The technique acquires two interleaved fast spin echo images with water and fat in-phase and 180 degrees out-of-phase, respectively, and generates automatically separate water and fat images for each slice. The image(More)
A number of MRI applications rely on dynamic phase information embedded in the acquired images. Such applications often require multiple acquisitions, leading to possibly long scan time and low temporal resolution. Previously, SENSE method has been used for phase-sensitive data to shorten acquisition time. However, SENSE can be subject to artifacts due to(More)
PURPOSE To develop an improved region-growing algorithm for phase correction in MRI. METHODS Phase correction in MRI can sometimes be formulated as selecting a vector for each pixel of an image from two candidate vectors so that the orientation of the output is spatially smooth. Existing algorithms may run into difficulty in the presence of high noise,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with spectral spatial excitation (cDWI) and an enhanced DWI with additional adiabatic spectral inversion recovery (eDWI) for 3-T breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS Twenty-four patients were enrolled in the study with both cDWI and eDWI. Three breast radiologists scored cDWI(More)
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