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Pancreatic islet cells provide the major source of counteractive endocrine hormones required for maintaining glucose homeostasis; severe health problems result when these cell types are insufficiently active or reduced in number. Therefore, the process of islet endocrine cell lineage allocation is critical to ensure there is a correct balance of islet cell(More)
Ghrelin is a peptide hormone that has been implicated in the regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis. Ghrelin is predominantly produced in the stomach, but is also expressed in many other tissues where its functions are not well characterized. In the rodent and human pancreas, ghrelin levels peak at late gestation and gradually decline postnatally.(More)
Forward genetic screens in model organisms are vital for identifying novel genes essential for developmental or disease processes. One drawback of these screens is the labor-intensive and sometimes inconclusive process of mapping the causative mutation. To leverage high-throughput techniques to improve this mapping process, we have developed a Mutation(More)
BACKGROUND Genome editing techniques, including ZFN, TALEN, and CRISPR, have created a need to rapidly screen many F1 individuals to identify carriers of indels and determine the sequences of the mutations. Current techniques require multiple clones of the targeted region to be sequenced for each individual, which is inefficient when many individuals must(More)
Understanding the molecular pathways that enhance β-cell proliferation, survival, and insulin secretion may be useful to improve treatments for diabetes. Nkx6.1 induces proliferation through the Nr4a nuclear receptors, and improves insulin secretion and survival through the peptide hormone VGF. Here we demonstrate that Nkx6.1-mediated upregulation of Nr4a1,(More)
Nkx2.2 is an essential regulator of pancreatic endocrine differentiation. Nkx2.2-null mice are completely devoid of beta-ells and have a large reduction of alpha- and PP cells. In the place of these islet populations, there is a corresponding increase in the ghrelin-positive epsilon-cells. Molecular studies have indicated that Nkx2.2 functions as an(More)
Human amniotic fluid contains cells that potentially have important stem cell characteristics, yet the programs controlling their developmental potency are unclear. Here, we provide evidence that amniocytes derived from multiple patients are marked by heterogeneity and variability in expression levels of pluripotency markers. Clonal analysis from multiple(More)