Jonathon L. Stickford

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Winter sports events routinely take place at low to moderate altitudes, and nearly all Winter Olympic Games have had at least one venue at an altitude >1000 m. The acute and chronic effects of altitude can have a substantial effect on performance outcomes. Acutely, the decline in oxygen delivery to working muscle decreases maximal oxygen uptake, negatively(More)
TO THE EDITOR: Decades of research in exercise physiology have supported the common view that endurance performance suffers most greatly at altitude because oxidative energy production is limited (4). In contrast, Weyand et al. (5) reported that fit males are capable of running just as fast during “all-out” treadmill efforts of 1 min in hypoxic compared(More)
Despite VO2peak being, generally, greater while running compared to cycling, ventilation (V E) during maximal exercise is less while running compared to cycling. Differences in operating lung volumes (OLV) between maximal running and cycling could be one explanation for previously observed differences in V E and this could be due to differences in body(More)
Evidence has long suggested that mammalian ventilatory and locomotor rhythms are linked, yet determinants and implications of locomotor–respiratory coupling (LRC) continue to be investigated. Anecdotally, respiratory muscle fatigue seen at the end of heavy exercise may result in an uncoupling of movement–ventilation rhythms; however, there is no scientific(More)
PURPOSE Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been reported to modify the inflammatory response associated with allergic airway disease, primarily in animal models. To extend these observations to humans, the effect of short-term CLA supplementation on the severity of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) was investigated in asthmatics. METHODS Six(More)
Dyspnea on exertion (DOE) is a common symptom in obesity. We investigated whether aerobic exercise training without weight loss could reduce DOE. Twenty-two otherwise healthy obese women participated in a 12-week supervised aerobic exercise training program, exercising 30 min/day at 70-80% heart rate reserve, 4 days/week. Subjects were grouped based on(More)
We sought to determine if expiratory flow limitation influences intensive aerobic exercise performance in mild hypoxia. Fourteen trained male cyclists were separated into flow-limited (FL, n = 7) and non-FL (n = 7) groups based on the extent of expiratory flow limitation exhibited during maximal exercise in normoxia. Participants performed two self-paced(More)
Background:The effects of moderate weight loss on operational lung volumes during exercise and the oxygen (O2) cost of breathing are unknown in obese women but could have important implications regarding exercise endurance.Methods:In 29 obese women (33±8 years, 97±14 kg, body mass index: 36±4 kg m−2, body fat: 45.6±4.5%; means±s.d.), body composition, fat(More)
To best sustain endurance activity, two systems must be effectively coordinated: ventilation and locomotion. Evidence has long suggested that these two mammalian rhythms are linked, yet determinants and implications of locomotor–respiratory coupling (LRC) continue to be investigated. Two general areas explaining the potential mechanisms underlying LRC are(More)