Jonathon D.J. Black

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BACKGROUND The importance of particles generated by wear and corrosion of joint replacement prostheses has been understood primarily in the context of the local effects of particle-induced periprosthetic osteolysis and aseptic loosening. We studied dissemination of wear particles in patients with total hip and knee replacement to determine the prevalence of(More)
OBJECTIVE--To investigate the possible spread of HIV infection and its route of transmission among prison inmates. DESIGN--In response to an outbreak of acute clinical hepatitis B and two seroconversions to HIV infection, counselling and testing for HIV were offered to all inmates over a two week period in July 1993. Information was sought about drug(More)
Particulate wear-debris are detected in histiocytes/macrophages of granulomatous tissues adjacent to loose joint prostheses. Such cell-particle interactions have been simulated in vitro by challenging macrophages with particles dosed according to weight percent, volume percent, and number of particles. Each of these dosage methods has inherent shortcomings(More)
The distribution of titanium [Ti] and chromium [Cr] in serum protein fractions of patients with and without total joint replacements containing Cr and Ti was studied. Three groups were evaluated: 10 patients with cobalt-chromium [CoCr] alloy prostheses and known elevated levels of Cr; 10 patients with Ti containing implants and known elevated levels of Ti;(More)
Interfacial membranes collected at revision from 11 failed uncemented Ti-alloy total hip replacements were examined. Particles in the membranes were characterised by electron microscopy, microchemical spectroscopy and particle size analysis. Most were polyethylene and had a mean size of 0.53 micron +/- 0.3. They were similar to the particles seen in the(More)
We present the case of a 65-year-old man who developed a malignant fibrous histiocytoma at the lesser trochanter five months after a cementless hip replacement. We have reviewed reports of similar cases and discuss them in terms of the possible mechanisms of sarcomatous degeneration and the latency of such changes.
In this study, the local and distant distribution of solid and soluble products of corrosion from the head and neck junction of modular femoral total hip prosthetic components were characterized. Particulate corrosion products from retrieved implants and surrounding tissues were analyzed. Serum transport and urinary excretion of metal was measured in(More)
An in vitro study was conducted to determine the ability of particle challenged human peripheral monocytes to modulate fibroblast proliferation and bone resorption. The effects of commercially pure titanium, titanium-aluminum-vanadium, and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene wear debris, either fabricated or retrieved from patients with failed total hip(More)
There has been a resurgence of interest in the use of metal on metal bearings in total hip arthroplasty. Although the use of metal on metal bearing couples would eliminate or substantially reduce particulate polyethylene generation (depending on the presence or absence of polyethylene in the implant system), there is concern about the potential for(More)