Jonathan W. Paul

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BACKGROUND Despite the known benefits of screening, early detection and advances in treatment modalities, negative attitudes to cancer persist among health care professionals, and cancer remains the most feared disease in modern society. Attitudes to cancer may create a barrier to communication between patients and health care professionals, hinder early(More)
The objective of this study is to describe the fetal phenotype in utero and its associations with maternal pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain. This prospective longitudinal cohort included 179 Australian women with singleton pregnancies. Serial ultrasound measurements were performed at 19, 25, 30 and 36 (±1) weeks gestation and maternal(More)
Mammalian spermatozoa must become ;capacitated' in the female reproductive tract before they gain the ability to fertilize the oocyte. The attainment of a capacitated state has been correlated with a number of biochemical changes, the most notable of which is a dramatic increase in the tyrosine phosphorylation status of these cells. Despite its biological(More)
Human myometrium develops phasic contractions during labor. Phosphorylation of caldesmon (h-CaD) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) has been implicated in development of these contractions, however the phospho-regulation of these proteins is yet to be examined during periods of both contraction and relaxation. We hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND Healthcare professionals are known to be particularly susceptible to ageist stereotyping because of increased exposure to elderly and infirm individuals. Demographic changes resulting in increasing numbers of elderly people and increased cancer incidence with age make it imperative to understand oncology healthcare professionals' attitudes(More)
The timing of human birth has a crucial impact upon the survival of the fetus. New knowledge on the regulation of human birth includes the role of endogenous retroviruses in the formation of the syncytiotrophoblast cells and consequently the secretion of corticotrophin releasing hormone, a hormone linked to gestational length determination. miRNAs have been(More)
In order to explore whether human intestinal epithelium contains cell-associated components that are organ-specific and therefore potentially autoantigenic, macromolecules were isolated in aqueous-soluble form from histologically normal human colonic epithelial cells, partially purified under nondenaturing conditions, then characterized biochemically and(More)
The degree of phosphorylation of myosin light chain 20 (MLC20) is a major determinant of force generation in smooth muscle. Myosin phosphatases (MPs) contain protein phosphatase (PP) 1 as catalytic subunits and are the major enzymes that dephosphorylate MLC20. MP regulatory targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1), the main regulatory subunit of MP in all smooth(More)
Human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) potassium channels determine cardiac action potential and contraction duration. Human uterine contractions are underpinned by an action potential that also possesses an initial spike followed by prolonged depolarization. Here we show that hERG channel proteins (α-conducting and β-inhibitory subunits) and hERG currents(More)
Prostaglandins are key components of the parturition cascade; however, the mechanisms that regulate prostaglandin concentrations in the uterus during pregnancy are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the intrauterine expression of the chief prostaglandin-inactivating enzyme, 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH), during(More)