Jonathan W . King

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Arguments about the existence of language-specific neural systems and particularly arguments about the independence of syntactic and semantic processing have recently focused on differences between the event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by violations of syntactic structure (e.g. the P600) and those elicited by violations of semantic expectancy (e.g.(More)
The effects of sentential context and semantic memory structure during on-line sentence processing were examined by recording event-related brain potentials as individuals read pairs of sentences for comprehension. The first sentence established an expectation for a particular exemplar of a semantic category, while the second ended with (1) that expected(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of cognitive training on cognitive abilities and everyday function over 10 years. DESIGN Ten-year follow-up of a randomized, controlled single-blind trial (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly (ACTIVE)) with three intervention groups and a no-contact control group. SETTING Six U.S. cities. (More)
The main purpose of this study was to examine large-scale oscillatory activity and frequency-related neuronal synchronization during the comprehension of English spoken sentences of different complexity. Therefore, EEG coherence during the processing of subject-subject (SS)- and more complex subject-object (SO)-relatives was computed using an adaptive(More)
Cognition is 1 of 4 domains measured by the NIH Toolbox for the Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function (NIH-TB), and complements modules testing motor function, sensation, and emotion. On the basis of expert panels, the cognition subdomains identified as most important for health, success in school and work, and independence in daily functioning(More)
Better Than Concrete: Implications for the Psychological and Neural Representation of Concrete Concepts Sarah D. Breedin, Eleanor M. Saffran, and H. Branch Coslett Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, Temple University Vol. 8, no. 2, April 1994 Analogic and Metaphoric Mapping in Blended Spaces: Menendez Brothers Virus Seana Coulson(More)
We describe a method, based on recordings of the electroencephalogram (EEG) and eye movement potentials (electrooculogram), to track where on a screen (x,y coordinates) an individual is fixating. The method makes use of an empirically derived beam-forming filter (derived from a sequence of calibrated eye movements) to isolate eye motion from other(More)
We show that analyzing voltage fluctuations known as "event-related brain potentials," or ERPs, recorded from the human scalp can be an effective way of tracking integrative processes in language on-line. This is essential if we are to choose among alternative psychological accounts of language comprehension. We briefly review the data implicating the N400(More)
Better tools for assessing cognitive impairment in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are required to enable diagnosis of the disease before substantial neurodegeneration has taken place and to allow detection of subtle changes in the early stages of progression of the disease. The National Institute on Aging and the Alzheimer's Association(More)
Systematic cognitive training produces long-term improvement in cognitive function and less difficulty in performing activities of daily living. We examined whether cognitive training was associated with reduced rate of incident dementia. Participants were from the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly (ACTIVE) study (n = 2,802).(More)