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Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that can be distinguished from T and B cells through their involvement in innate immunity and their lack of rearranged antigen receptors. Although NK cells and their receptors were initially characterized in terms of tumor killing in vitro, we have determined that the NK cell activation receptor, Ly-49H, is(More)
We have generated H-2b mice with a homozygous null mutation in the granzyme (gzm) B gene. Gzm B is a neutral serine protease with Aspase activity that is found only in the granules of activated cytolytic T cells, natural killer cells, and lymphokine-activated killer cells. Gzm B-/- mice develop normally and have normal hematopoiesis and lymphopoiesis. In(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells express inhibitory and activation receptors that recognize MHC class I-like molecules on target cells. These receptors may be involved in the critical role of NK cells in controlling initial phases of certain viral infections. Indeed, the Ly49H NK cell activation receptor confers in vivo genetic resistance to murine cytomegalovirus(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells express C-type lectin-like receptors, encoded in the NK gene complex, that interact with major histocompatibility complex class I and either inhibit or activate functional activity. Human NK cells express heterodimers consisting of CD94 and NKG2 family molecules, whereas murine NK cells express homodimers belonging to the Ly-49(More)
We previously have characterized a cluster of genes encoding cathepsin G (CG) and two other CG-like hematopoietic serine proteases, CGL-1 and CGL-2, on human chromosome 14. In this report, we clone and characterize a novel, related murine hematopoietic serine protease gene using human CG (hCG) cDNA as the probe. This murine gene spans approximately 2.5 kb(More)
Granzyme (Gzm) B-deficient mice obtained by gene targeting were used to assess the role of Gzm B in the mechanisms used by natural killer (NK) and lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells to destroy target cells. Gzm B-/- NK cells, LAK cells, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) all are defective in their ability to rapidly induce DNA fragmentation/apoptosis in(More)
Murine natural killer cells (NK) express lectin-like activation and inhibitory receptors, including the CD94/NKG2 family of receptors that bind Qa-1, and the Ly-49 family that recognizes major histocompatibility complex class I molecules. Here, we demonstrate that cross-linking of NK cells with a new specific anti-Ly-49H mAb induced NK cell cytotoxicity and(More)
Recent studies have suggested that the retention of selectable marker cassettes (like PGK-Neo, in which a hybrid gene consisting of the phosphoglycerate kinase I promoter drives the neomycin phosphotransferase gene) in targeted loci can cause unexpected phenotypes in "knockout" mice due to disruption of expression of neighboring genes within a locus. We(More)
Adaptive immune responses are critical for the control and clearance of influenza A virus (IAV) infection. However, in recent years, it has become increasingly apparent that innate immune cells, including natural killer cells, alveolar macrophages (aMphi), and dendritic cells (DC) are essential following IAV infection in the direct control of viral(More)