Jonathan W Betts

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We evaluated an immunochromatographic lateral flow assay to detect OXA-48-like carbapenemases (OXA-48 K-SeT) in Enterobacteriaceae (n = 82). One hundred percent sensitivity and specificity were observed using bacteria recovered from both solid medium and spiked blood culture bottles, and the results were obtained in <10 min.
We assessed the activity of tigecycline (TGC) combined with colistin (COL) against carbapenem-resistant enterobacteria. Synergy occurred in vitro against the majority of isolates, with the exception of Serratia marcescens. In a simple animal model (Galleria mellonella), TGC-COL was superior (P < 0.01) in treating Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic human pathogen often associated with life-threatening infections in the immunocompromised and the critically ill. Strains are often multidrug-resistant (MDR) and due to the lack of new synthetic antimicrobials in development for treatment, attention is increasingly focused on natural compounds either as(More)
A simple, environmentally friendly and cost-effective method has been developed to prepare a range of aqueous silver colloidal solutions, using ascorbic acid as a reducing agent, water-soluble starch as a combined crystallising, stabilising and solubilising agent, and water as the solvent. The diameter of silver nanoplatelets increases with higher(More)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Acinetobacter baumannii are recognised as important nosocomial pathogens; however, due to their intrinsic resistance to multiple antibiotics, treatment options are limited. Polyphenols from black tea have been shown to possess antibacterial action. In this study, the antibacterial effects of various concentrations of(More)
The antimicrobial treatment of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections is complicated by intrinsic multidrug resistance and a lack of reliable susceptibility data. We assessed the activity of colistin (COL), rifampicin (RIF) and tigecycline (TGC) alone and in combination using a range of in vitro susceptibility testing methodologies and a simple(More)
Topical infections can become life threatening in immunocompromised patients. However, fewer treatments are available as multi-drug-resistant bacteria become more common. The natural compounds epigallocatechin gallate (1) and quercetin (2) alone and in combination were tested as potential antimicrobial clinical therapies. Strong antimicrobial activity was(More)
The spread of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) has led to the renaissance of colistin (COL), often the only agent to which MDRAB remains susceptible. Effective therapy with COL is beset with problems due to unpredictable pharmacokinetics, toxicity, and the rapid selection of resistance. Here, we describe a potent synergistic interaction(More)
Providencia stuartii has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen. We describe an outbreak due to a multidrug-resistant strain over a 4-month period in a critical care unit in Athens. Molecular typing revealed each of the isolates to be clonally related with coresistance to cephalosporins, carbapenems, aminoglycosides, and quinolones. Each isolate(More)
New antifungal agents are required to compensate for the increase in resistance to standard antifungal agents of Candida albicans, which is an important opportunistic fungal pathogen that causes minor infections in many individuals but very serious infections in those who are immune-compromised. In this study, combinations of theaflavin and epicatechin are(More)