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INTRODUCTION The determination of lipid biomarkers by capillary sampling may be useful in the screening, diagnosis and/or personal management of hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular risk. It remains unclear whether the use of the Accutrend Plus system is appropriate. This study aimed to assess its reproducibility, accuracy and concordance for blood lipid(More)
OBJECTIVE Since dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) cannot distinguish between different adipose tissue (AT) deposits, it remains unclear how DXA-derived body composition variables relate to anatomical tissue (sub)compartments. The aim of the present study was to compare and relate regional DXA variables with absolute tissue masses obtained by computer(More)
OBJECTIVES There may be no doubt that circumferences, measured at different sites of body segments, have a variety of applications. Studies using girths are based on assumed logic, but within a general context no literature is found as to the origin of choice of a particular circumference for a particular application. The purpose of this study is to relate(More)
The aim of this critical appraisal and hazards of surface electromyography (SEMG) is to enhance the data acquisition quality in voluntary but complex movements, sport and exercise in particular. The methodological and technical registration strategies deal with telemetry and online data acquisition, the placement of the detection electrodes and the choice(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this in vivo study was to compare axillary artery blood flow velocity, and maximal handgrip strength and endurance performance in young subjects with and without an axillary arch (AA). MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and fifty-six young adults were screened for the presence of an AA on their dominant arm side. After physical(More)
BACKGROUND The contours of a human body are determined by the volumes of the underlying tissues [adipose tissue (AT), muscle, bone and viscera]. Conceptually, they are assumed to be used as a concentric set of cylinders. Determination of these clinically applied circumferences in terms of relative tissue proportions has led to conflicting results. As it(More)
Many constitutional indices, used as screening parameters in public health, have been explored (in-vivo) and applied for many years, but as yet there is no consensus on a universal index. This reflects confusion, or at least lack of agreement, about what a constitutional index should represent. The aim of this study was to explore the direct relationship of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to assess the accuracy and concordance of anthropometrically derived prediction equations for the estimation of regional fat mass (FM) distribution. METHODS Sixty-two white males and 50 females with a large range of age (20-55 years) and BMI (16.6-33.4 kg/m(2)) were included. Whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)(More)
The aim of the present study was to develop and cross-validate anthropometrical prediction equations for segmental lean tissue mass (SLM). One hundred and seventeen young healthy Caucasians (67 men and 50 women; mean age: 31.9 ± 10.0 years; Body Mass Index: 24.3 ± 3.2 kg · m(-2)) were included. Body mass (BM), stretch stature (SS), 14 circumferences (CC),(More)