Jonathan T Kern

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Human telomeres are comprised of d(TTAGGG) repeats that are capable of forming G-quadruplex DNA structures. Ligands that bind to and stabilize these G-quadruplex DNA structures are potential inhibitors of the cancer cell-associated enzyme telomerase. Other potential biological uses of G-quadruplex targeting ligands have been proposed. One particularly(More)
We have examined a number of carbocyanine dyes for their ability to bind intramolecular G-quadruplex DNA structures (G4'-DNA) using a Taq polymerase stop assay. Of the five dyes examined, only one, N,N'-diethylthiacarbocyanine iodide (DTC), was found to bind to G4'-DNA. DTC was also the only dye found to inhibit human telomerase at 50 microM concentration.
Parkinson's disease, a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. The etiology of sporadic Parkinson's disease is unknown; however, oxidative stress is thought to play a major role in disease pathogenesis. Little is known regarding the transcriptional changes that occur in Parkinson's disease. The(More)
The antioxidant response element (ARE) is a cis-acting regulatory enhancer element found in the 5' flanking region of many phase II detoxification enzymes. Up-regulation of ARE-dependent target genes is known to have neuroprotective effects; yet, the mechanism of activation is largely unknown. By screening an arrayed collection of approximately 15,000(More)
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and spectroscopic studies in solution were used to evaluate the self-association, G-quadruplex DNA binding, and selectivity of a series of perylene diimides (PDIs) (PIPER, Tel01, Tel11, Tel12, and Tel18) or benzannulated perylene diimide ligands (Tel34 and Tel32). Fluorescence and resonance light scattering(More)
Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the most common forms of inheritable Parkinson's disease and likely play a role in sporadic disease as well. LRRK2 is a large multidomain protein containing two key groups, a Ras-like GTP binding domain and a serine, threonine kinase domain. Mutations in the LRRK2 gene that associate with(More)
Two N,N'-disubstituted perylene diimide G-quadruplex DNA ligands, PIPER [N,N'-bis-(2-(1-piperidino)ethyl)-3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic acid diimide] and Tel01 [N,N'-bis-(3-(4-morpholino)-propyl)-3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic acid diimide] were studied. Visible absorbance, resonance light scattering, and fluorescence spectroscopy were used to(More)
Two N,N'-disubstituted perylene diimide G-quadruplex DNA ligands, Tel11 (N,N'-bis-[3-(4-methyl-morpholin-4-yl)-propyl]-3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic acid diimide diiodide) and Tel12 (N,N'-bis-[(3-phosphono)-propyl]-3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic acid diimide tetrapotassium salt) were synthesized and studied. Visible absorbance spectroscopy, resonance(More)
On the basis of growing evidence for G-quadruplex DNA structures in genomic DNA and the presumed need to resolve these structures for DNA replication, the G-quadruplex DNA unwinding ability of a prototypical replicative helicase, SV40 large T-antigen (T-ag), was investigated. Here, we demonstrate that this G-quadruplex helicase activity is robust and(More)
Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2) are the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease (PD) and cause both autosomal dominant familial and sporadic PD. Currently, the physiological and pathogenic activities of LRRK2 are poorly understood. To decipher the biological functions of LRRK2, including the genes and pathways modulated(More)