Jonathan Satin

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Voltage-activated Ca2+ channels exist as multigene families that share common structural features. Different Ca2+ channels are distinguished by their electrophysiology and pharmacology and can be classified as either low or high voltage-activated channels. Six alpha1 subunit genes cloned previously code for high voltage-activated Ca2+ channels; therefore,(More)
The cardiac sodium channel alpha subunit (RHI) is less sensitive to tetrodotoxin (TTX) and saxitoxin (STX) and more sensitive to cadmium than brain and skeletal muscle (microliter) isoforms. An RHI mutant, with Tyr substituted for Cys at position 374 (as in microliter) confers three properties of TTX-sensitive channels: (i) greater sensitivity to TTX(More)
Cell therapy is emerging as a promising strategy for myocardial repair. This approach is hampered, however, by the lack of sources for human cardiac tissue and by the absence of direct evidence for functional integration of donor cells into host tissues. Here we investigate whether cells derived from human embryonic stem (hES) cells can restore myocardial(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA) and the products of its metabolism are central mediators of changes in cellular excitability. We show that the recently cloned and expressed T-type or low-voltage-activated Ca channel, alpha1H, is modulated by external AA. AA (10 microM) causes a slow, time-dependent attenuation of alpha1H current. At a holding potential of -80 mV, 10(More)
External pH (pH(o)) modifies T-type calcium channel gating and permeation properties. The mechanisms of T-type channel modulation by pH remain unclear because native currents are small and are contaminated with L-type calcium currents. Heterologous expression of the human cloned T-type channel, alpha1H, enables us to determine the effect of changing pH on(More)
The role of glycosylation on voltage-dependent channel gating for the cloned human cardiac sodium channel (hH1a) and the adult rat skeletal muscle isoform (μl) was investigated in HEK293 cells transiently transfected with either hH1a or μl cDNA. The contribution of sugar residues to channel gating was examined in transfected cells pretreated with various(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium (Ca2+) channels are involved in many specialized cellular functions and are controlled by a diversity of intracellular signals. Recently, members of the RGK family of small GTPases (Rem, Rem2, Rad, Gem/Kir) have been identified as novel contributors to the regulation of L-type calcium channel activity. In this study, microarray(More)
Pro-arrhythmia (development of cardiac arrhythmias as a pharmacological side effect) has become the single most common cause of the withdrawal or restrictions of previously marketed drugs. The development of new medications, free from these side effects, is hampered by the lack of an in vitro assay for human cardiac tissue. We hypothesized that human(More)
We describe the expression of functional Na+ channels in Xenopus oocytes injected with cRNA transcribed from the rat heart I cDNA clone. The expressed rat heart I Na+ currents show kinetic properties and resistance to tetrodotoxin and saxitoxin which are characteristic of native cardiac Na+ currents. The primary amino acid sequence of the rat heart I(More)
Monovalent and divalent cations competitively displace tetrodotoxin and saxitoxin (STX) from their binding sites on nerve and skeletal muscle Na channels. Recent studies of cloned cardiac (toxin-resistant) and brain (toxin-sensitive) Na channels suggest important structural differences in their toxin and divalent cation binding sites. We used a partially(More)