Jonathan S. Harrison

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The evidence for the promising potential for derivatives of Vitamin D (deltanoids) in the treatment of myeloid leukemias is increasing, but currently is not matched by the understanding of the precise mechanisms by which these anti-neoplastic effects are achieved. Unlike solid tumors in which growth retardation by deltanoids appears to result from(More)
Despite progress in understanding the biology of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and despite advances in treatment, the majority of patients with AML die from the disease. The observation that Vitamin D can induce AML blast cells in vitro to differentiate along the monocytic lineage was made 30 years ago; however, it remains to translate this into a(More)
Trans-differentiation of stem cells shows promise for use in tissue repair medicine. Although poorly defined, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) appear useful for applications in repair medicine. Despite the low frequency of MSC, they are relatively easy to expand. The expression of MHC class II on MSC, however, could deter their use in repair medicine, since(More)
Neurokinin 1 (NK-1) is a member of seven transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors. NK-1 interacts with peptides belonging to the tachykinin family and showed preference for substance P (SP). NK-1 is induced in bone marrow (BM) stroma. NK-1-SP interactions could lead to changes in the functions of lymphohematopoietic stem cell (LHSC). This report describes(More)
Vitamin D derivatives, including its physiological form 1α,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 (1,25D), have anti-tumor actions demonstrated in cell culture and confirmatory epidemiological associations are frequently reported. However, their promise for use in the cancer clinic is still incompletely fulfilled, suggesting that a better understanding of the molecular events(More)
Arabinocytosine (AraC, also known as cytarabine) is one of the mainstays of AML therapy, but like other DNA damaging therapeutic agents it is rarely curative by itself. There is an emerging realization that the therapeutic outcomes may be improved by combining AraC with other compounds. Here we report that the addition of a differentiating agent combination(More)
Neurokinin (NK)-1 and NK-2 receptors regulate hematopoiesis by interacting with neurotransmitters that belong to the tachykinin. This report studies the relationship between NK-1 and NK-2 in primary human bone marrow (BM) stroma, which supports hematopoiesis. Use of NK receptor antagonists and deficient stromal cells indicate that the neurotransmitter,(More)
The neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor interacts with peptides that belong to the tachykinin family. NK-1 is inducible in bone marrow (BM) stroma. In neural cells, its expression is high to constitutive. Screening of three cDNA libraries indicated that this different in NK-1 expression in neural and BM cells could not be explained by differences in the cDNA(More)
Vitamin D has so far not fulfilled its early promise as an antineoplastic agent, in spite of compelling in vitro data. With the aim of bringing vitamin D or its derivatives (VDDs) effectively to the clinic, we developed a two-pronged approach. First, by adding the plant-derived Carnosic Acid (CA) to a vitamin D2 derivative Doxercalciferol we increased its(More)
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) has grave prognosis due to aggressive nature of the disease, the toxicity of standard treatment, and overall low cure rates. We recently showed that AML cells in established culture treated with Cytarabine (AraC) and a differentiation agent combination show enhancement of AraC cytotoxicity. Here we elucidate molecular changes(More)
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