Jonathan S. Boomer

Learn More
BACKGROUND Atopic asthma is characterized by intermittent exacerbations triggered by exposure to allergen. Exacerbations are characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction in the airways, with recruitment of both innate and adaptive immune cells. These cell populations as well as soluble factors are critical for initiating and controlling the inflammatory(More)
INTRODUCTION Severe sepsis is characterized by an initial hyper-inflammatory response that may progress to an immune-suppressed state associated with increased susceptibility to nosocomial infection. Analysis of samples obtained from patients who died of sepsis has identified expression of specific inhibitory receptors expressed on lymphocytes that are(More)
A current controversy is whether patients with sepsis progress to an immunosuppressed state. We hypothesized that reactivation of latent viruses occurred with prolonged sepsis thereby providing evidence of clinically-relevant immunosuppression and potentially providing a means to serially-monitor patients' immune status. Secondly, if viral loads are(More)
Regulatory T (T reg) cells express tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF) members, but their role in thymic T reg development is undefined. We demonstrate that T reg progenitors highly express the TNFRSF members GITR, OX40, and TNFR2. Expression of these receptors correlates directly with T cell receptor (TCR) signal strength, and requires CD28(More)
CD28 is a critical regulator of T cell function, augmenting proliferation, cytokine secretion, and cell survival. Our previous work using knockin mice expressing point mutations in CD28 demonstrated that the distal proline motif was primarily responsible for much of CD28 function, whereas in marked contrast to prior studies, mutation of the PI3K-binding(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection causes extensive phenotypic alterations in lymphocytes. Cellular markers that are normally absent or expressed at low levels on quiescent cells are upregulated throughout the disease course. The transmembrane form of regeneration and tolerance factor (RTF) is expressed at negligible levels on resting T cells but(More)
  • 1