Jonathan Riley

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Prior small studies have shown multiple benefits of frequent nocturnal hemodialysis compared to conventional three times per week treatments. To study this further, we randomized 87 patients to three times per week conventional hemodialysis or to nocturnal hemodialysis six times per week, all with single-use high-flux dialyzers. The 45 patients in the(More)
A subset of poly ADP-ribose polymerases (PARP) that also contain macro domains regulate transcription. One such macro PARP, PARP-14 alters interleukin 4 (IL-4) and Stat6-dependent transcription. Stat6, activated by IL-4 plays an important role in T helper cell immunity and B cell responses. Here we define the mechanism by which PARP-14 regulates(More)
BACKGROUND The first US Food and Drug Administration approved clinical trial for a stem cell-based treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis has now been completed. OBJECTIVE Primary aims assessed the safety of a direct microinjection-based technique and the toxicity of neural stem cell transplantation to the ventral horn of the cervical and(More)
BACKGROUND IL-4 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) play an important role in the progression of allergic airway disease (AAD) or asthma. IL-4 and STAT6 mediate T(H)2 responses in T cells and immunoglobulin class-switching to IgE in B cells. Both T(H)2 responses and IgE promote the asthmatic condition. We have previously(More)
BACKGROUND No United States-based clinical trials have attempted delivery of biological therapies directly to the spinal cord for treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) because of the lack of a meaningful US Food and Drug Administration-authorized cell candidate and a validated delivery approach. OBJECTIVE To assess safety of delivery of a(More)
Cerebral hypoperfusion elevates the risk of brain white matter (WM) lesions and cognitive impairment. Central artery stiffness impairs baroreflex, which controls systemic arterial perfusion, and may deteriorate neuronal fiber integrity of brain WM. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among brain WM neuronal fiber integrity, baroreflex(More)
OBJECTIVE Apoptosis has been shown to play an important role in motor neuron (MN) degeneration in both neurodegenerative disease and peripheral neuropathy. Bcl-xL, an antiapoptotic protein, is down-regulated in these etiologies [corrected] The carboxyl-terminal domain of the tetanus toxin heavy chain (Hc) has high affinity for axon terminal binding and(More)
Blood ejected from the left ventricle perfuses the brain via central elastic arteries, which stiffen with advancing age and may elevate the risk of end-organ damage. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of central arterial aging on cerebral hemodynamics. Eighty-three healthy participants aged 22 to 80 years underwent the measurements of(More)
OBJECTIVE The current series represents a preclinical safety validation study for direct parenchymal microinjection of cellular grafts into the ventral horn of the porcine cervical spinal cord. METHODS Twenty-four 30- to 40-kg female Yorkshire farm pigs immunosuppressed with cyclosporine underwent a cervical laminectomy and ventral horn human neural(More)
STUDY DESIGN Assessment of long-term surgical risks from multiple intraspinal cell injections. OBJECTIVE To prove that multilevel-targeted cell injection to the spinal cord can be a feasible and safe procedure. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Neural cell transplantation has been proposed as a treatment for a variety of neurologic disorders, including(More)