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Pneumosinus Dilatans is a rare condition of the craniofacial skeleton which was diagnosed in an adolescent male who presented with progressive bilateral blindness and many features of osteodysplasty (Melnick-Needles Syndrome). The clinical course and unusual pathology of this case which included the compression of both optic nerves within long tubes of bone(More)
OBJECTIVE Worldwide, sentinel node biopsy (SNB) is now a standard staging procedure for most patients with melanomas 1 mm or more in thickness, but its therapeutic benefit is not clear, pending randomized trial results. This study sought to assess the therapeutic benefit of SNB in a large, nonrandomized patient cohort. METHODS Patients with primary(More)
Recently developed lymphatic-specific immunohistochemical markers can now be utilized to assess intratumoral and/or peritumoral lymphatic vessel density (LVD), to detect lymphatic vessel invasion (LVI) by melanoma cells and to identify lymphatic marker expression in melanoma cells themselves. We systematically reviewed the available evidence for the(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis for patients with localized primary cutaneous melanoma is known to depend principally on tumor thickness, and to a lesser extent on ulcerative state and Clark level. We have recently found in an analysis of 3661 patients that tumor mitotic rate (TMR) is also an important prognostic parameter, ranking second only to tumor thickness.(More)
Subungual melanoma (SUM) is an uncommon variant of melanoma that is often difficult to diagnose, both clinically and pathologically. In an attempt to provide pathologic clues to diagnosis, especially in early lesions or small biopsies, and to provide practical advice to pathologists in reporting, the clinicopathologic features of 124 cases of SUM were(More)
BACKGROUND Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is a rare subtype of melanoma that is characterized by malignant spindle cells separated by prominent, fibrocollagenous stroma. Primary melanomas either may be entirely desmoplastic or almost entirely desmoplastic (pure DM [pDM]) or may exhibit a desmoplastic component admixed with a nondesmoplastic component (combined(More)
BACKGROUND A negative sentinel node biopsy (SNB) implies a good prognosis for melanoma patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term outcome for melanoma patients with a negative SNB. METHODS Survival and prognostic factors were analyzed for 836 SNB-negative patients. All patients with a node field recurrence were reviewed, and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study sought to investigate the impact of histopathologically measured excision margins and SNB on local and locoregional disease control in patients with primary cutaneous melanomas more than 4 mm thick. BACKGROUND Most current guidelines recommend at least a 2-cm surgical margin (which corresponds to a 16-mm histopathologic margin). These(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether micromorphometric features of positive sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) from patients with melanoma are useful for predicting further nodal involvement in completion lymph node dissection (CLND) specimens. Of 986 patients with melanoma undergoing SLN biopsy between March 1992 and February 2001, 175 (17.7%)(More)
Patients with primary cutaneous melanocytic lesions rely not only on the knowledge, skills, and experience of their treating clinician but also on the fundamentally important input of their pathologist for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. Free and precise communication between pathologists and surgeons is important and undoubtedly improves(More)