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Loline alkaloids exhibit a strained ether-bridged pyrrolizidine skeleton and possess insecticidal and insect antifeedant properties. The synthesis of acetylnorloline, a prototypical member of the alkaloid family, is described. Central to the route is a stereoselective tethered aminohydroxylation (TA) of a homoallylic carbamate. Allylic (A1,3) strain is… (More)
PksA, which initiates biosynthesis of the environmental carcinogen aflatoxin B1, is one of the multidomain iterative polyketide synthases (IPKSs), a large, poorly understood family of biosynthetic enzymes. We found that dissection of PksA and its reconstitution from selected sets of domains allows the accumulation and characterization of advanced octaketide… (More)
The loline alkaloids present a compact polycyclic pyrrolizidine skeleton and contain a strained five-membered ethereal bridge, structural features that have proven challenging for synthetic chemists to incorporate since the discovery of this natural product family more than 100 years ago. These alkaloids are produced by mutualistic fungal symbionts… (More)
A seven-step synthesis of peramine, which required three chromatographic separations, is described. Key to the synthesis is an enolate alkylation of a pyrrole-fused diketopiperazine, reduction of the acyl pyrrole, and dehydration of the intermediate pyrrolyl carbinol to establish the pyrrolopyrazine core of peramine.
The polyketide synthase CTB1 is demonstrated to catalyze pyrone formation thereby expanding the known biosynthetic repertoire of thioesterase domains in iterative, non-reducing polyketide synthases.
A general strategy for the conversion of [2.2.2]-diazabicyclic alkene structures to 2-pyridone aromatic heterocyclic products is reported. The reaction sequence starts from 2,5-diketopiperazine (DKP) derivatives, is compatible with both aromatic and aliphatic aldehyde components, and can intercept either intra- or intermolecular cycloaddition manifolds.… (More)
A stereoselective intermolecular Diels-Alder cycloaddition of an intermediate pyrazinone with both achiral and chiral acrylate-derived dienophiles provides rapid access to the bicyclo[2.2.2]diazaoctane core shared among several prenylated indole alkaloids. The product derived from cycloaddition with 2-nitroacrylate required an additional five to six… (More)
A domino reaction sequence involving aldol condensation, alkene isomerization, and intramolecular hetero-Diels-Alder cycloaddition for the synthesis of [2.2.2]-diazabicyclic structures is reported. Excellent diastereofacial control during the cycloaddition is enforced with a removable chiral phenyl aminal diketopiperazine substituent. The reaction sequence… (More)