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EGFr/HER1 and c-erbB-2/HER2 expression are associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer. The type I receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family to which they belong has four members (HER1-4). In this study, expression of HER1-4 and oestrogen receptor (ER) expression were determined by immunohistochemistry in 220 breast carcinomas. Elevated expression of HER1(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression has been associated frequently with squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and SCC cell lines. In most cases the level of EGFR on the tumours from which the cell lines were derived has not been determined, nor have EGFR levels been determined for xenograft tumours from the cell lines. In this study we(More)
PURPOSE New biomarkers for prostate cancer are needed. We determined whether a novel serum marker, total PSP94 can be used to accomplish these goals. MATERIALS AND METHODS We conducted a case-control study of 1,212 men with no previous history of prostate cancer and who underwent a prostate biopsy from 1998 to 2000 because of an increased PSA or an(More)
PURPOSE To establish the prognostic value of total and free prostate secretory protein of 94 amino acids (PSP94) and the PSP94-binding protein (PSPBP) following radical prostatectomy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN One hundred and eighty-five serum samples were obtained from patients with localized prostate cancer prior to treatment with radical prostatectomy at(More)
BACKGROUND We have shown previously that whereas overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)1, HER2 and HER3 is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer, HER4 is associated with a good prognosis. Cell proliferation is a key component of aggressive cancers and is driven by growth factors. In this study, bromodeoxyuridine(More)
The development of Herceptin (Trazumatab) makes testing for HER2 status important for choosing optimal therapy in breast cancer. This study addresses the precision, accuracy, and reproducibility of HER2 assays. HER2 was assessed retrospectively by immunohistochemistry (IHC) with Dako 'Herceptest', by IHC with the monoclonal antibody CB11, and by(More)
A promising new treatment for glioma involves Auger electron emitters such as 125I or 123I conjugated to deoxyuridine (IUdR). However, the presence in tumour deposits of non-proliferating cells with clonogenic potential poses a major limitation to this cycle-specific therapy. We have used multicellular tumour spheroids derived from the human glioma cell(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression by human breast cancer has been shown to predict poor patient outcome, as has amplification of the c-erbB-2 proto-oncogene. We have developed a quantitative immunohistochemical method for measuring protein levels of both receptors and have applied this to a series of 123 breast primaries. We find EGFR(More)
We developed a sensitive EGF receptor detection method for frozen tissue sections using biotinylated EGF as the primary reagent. The method was directly compared with an immunohistochemical technique based on an anti-EGF receptor monoclonal antibody (MAb EGFR1) in normal human and rat tissues and in human tumors. The method was more sensitive than a(More)
We identified CAVEOLIN-1 as a candidate for a tumour suppressor gene mapping to human chromosome 7q31.1. A number of studies suggest that caveolin could function as a tumour suppressor. Expression of caveolin, and in turn the number of caveolae within a cell, are inversely correlated with the transforming ability of numerous oncoproteins, including H-ras,(More)