Jonathan R. Lai

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Two eps8 isoforms, p97eps8 and p68eps8, were previously identified as substrates for receptor tyrosine kinases. Analysis of eps8 phosphotyrosine content in v-Src transformed cells (IV5) revealed that both isoforms were highly tyrosyl phosphorylated and their readiness to be phosphorylated by Src in vitro further indicated that they were putative Src(More)
Nonribosomal peptides (NRPs) are produced by NRP synthetase (NRPS) enzymes that function as molecular assembly lines. The modular architecture of NRPSs suggests that a domain responsible for activating a building block could be replaced with a domain from a foreign NRPS to create a chimeric assembly line that produces a new variant of a natural NRP.(More)
Protegrins are short (16-18 residues) cationic peptides from porcine leukocytes that display potent, broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Protegrin-1 (PG-1), one of five natural homologues, adopts a rigid beta-hairpin structure that is stabilized by two disulfide bonds. We have previously employed the principles of beta-hairpin design to develop PG-1(More)
The recognition of carrier proteins by multiple catalytic partners occurs in every cycle of chain elongation in the biosynthesis of fatty acids and of the pharmacologically important polyketide and nonribosomal peptide natural products. To dissect the features of carrier proteins that determine specific recognition at distinct points in assembly lines, we(More)
The ebolaviruses cause severe and rapidly progressing hemorrhagic fever. There are five ebolavirus species; although much is known about Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) and its neutralization by antibodies, little is known about Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV), which is emerging with increasing frequency. Here we describe monoclonal antibodies containing a human framework(More)
Here we investigated the binding of Dengue virus envelope glycoprotein domain III (DIII) by two broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs), 4E11 and 4E5A. There are four serotypes of Dengue virus (DENV-1 to -4), whose DIII sequences vary by up to 49%. We used combinatorial alanine scanning mutagenesis, a phage display approach, to map functional epitopes(More)
Fusion of the viral and host cell membranes is a necessary first step for infection by enveloped viruses and is mediated by the envelope glycoprotein. The transmembrane subunits from the structurally defined "class I" glycoproteins adopt an α-helical "trimer-of-hairpins" conformation during the fusion pathway. Here, we present our studies on the envelope(More)
Protegrins are short, cationic peptides that display potent, broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. PG-1, the first of the five natural analogues discovered, forms a rigid antiparallel two-stranded beta-sheet that is stabilized by two disulfide bonds. The two strands of the sheet are linked by a short two-residue loop segment. Removal of the disulfide(More)
Beta-amino acid oligomers composed exclusively of homochiral trans-2-aminocyclopentanecarboxylic acid (ACPC) residues and/or related pyrrolidine-based residues are known to favor a specific helical secondary structure that is defined by 12-membered ring C=O(i)- -H-N(i+3) hydrogen bonds ("12-helix"). The 12-helix is structurally similar to the familiar(More)