Learn More
Having previously shown that interleukin-1 (IL-1) induces the expression of IL-1 receptors (IL-1Rs) on bone marrow (BM) cells in vivo through an indirect mechanism, we studied whether hematopoietic growth factors (HGFs) could induce the expression of IL-1R on BM cells in vitro. In vitro treatment of light-density murine BM (LDBM) cells with either IL-3,(More)
The (histone) deacetylase Sirt1 is a mediator of genomic and epigenetic maintenance, both of which are critical aspects of stem cell homeostasis and tightly linked to their functional decline in aging and disease. We show that Sirt1 ablation in adult hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) promotes aberrant HSPC expansion specifically under(More)
Bone marrow (BM) stromal cells, which include macrophages, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and adipocytes, have been shown to produce several factors that modulate the growth of BM progenitors. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a fibroblast-derived factor and has recently been shown to be a ligand for the c-met proto-oncogene, a member of the receptor class(More)
Inhibitors of DNA binding (Id) family members are key regulators of cellular differentiation and proliferation. These activities are related to the ability of Id proteins to antagonize E proteins and other transcription factors. As negative regulators of E proteins, Id proteins have been implicated in lymphocyte development. Overexpression of Id1, Id2, or(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) acts as a potent inhibitor of the growth and functions of lymphoid and hemopoietic progenitor cells. Cell proliferation depends not only on the presence of growth factors, but also on the development of specific receptor-signal transducing complexes. We therefore investigated whether the inhibitory actions of(More)
Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) has been shown to be associated with active centers of hematopoiesis and lymphopoiesis in the developing fetus. Therefore, the effects of TGF-beta 1 on mouse hematopoiesis were studied. TGF-beta 1 is a potent inhibitor of IL-3-induced bone marrow proliferation, but it does not inhibit the proliferation induced(More)
Toll-like receptor 4 (Tlr4) has a pivotal role in innate immune responses, and the transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta (C/EBPδ, Cebpd) is a Tlr4-induced gene. Here we identify a positive feedback loop in which C/EBPδ activates Tlr4 gene expression in macrophages and tumour cells. In addition, we discovered a negative feedback loop(More)
Purified natural killer (NK) cells were obtained from mice with severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) to ascertain their effect on hematopoiesis. When activated and propagated with recombinant human interleukin-2 (rhIL-2) in vitro, SCID spleen cells maintained a phenotypic and lytic spectrum consistent with a pure population of activated NK cells. When(More)
IL-7 administration to mice was previously reported to increase the mobilization of progenitor cells from marrow to peripheral sites. We now report that IL-7 increases the number of mature myeloid and monocytic cells in spleen and peripheral blood. This effect required T cells, and we show that IL-7 treatment in vivo induced GM-CSF and IL-3 production by T(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a potent and selective growth inhibitor of early hematopoietic progenitors and leukemic cells. The cellular mechanism(s) underlying this antiproliferative effect is, however, currently unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that TGF-beta inhibits the expression of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating(More)