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Primordial germ cells (PGCs) are the embryonic progenitors of mature germ cells. During their proliferative stage, murine PGCs may be transiently cultured on mitotically inactive feeder layers. This culture system has permitted identification of several growth factors active toward PGCs. We and others have previously identified basic fibroblast growth(More)
A novel gammaherpesvirus in goats that is herein tentatively designated as caprine herpesvirus-2 was identified based on the sequence of a fragment from the herpesvirus DNA polymerase gene. Sequence alignment analysis revealed that the virus sequence isolated from goats was 67% identical to the homologous sequence from alcelaphine herpesvirus-1, 71%(More)
Stem cell factor (SCF) is a hematopoietic growth factor that interacts with the receptor tyrosine kinase, c-kit. We have found that SCF-stimulates rapid and transient tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK2 in human and murine cell lines, as well as in normal human progenitor cells. JAK2 and c-kit were associated in unstimulated cells with further recruitment of(More)
Id1 is frequently overexpressed in many cancer cells, but the functional significance of these findings is not known. To determine if Id1 could contribute to the development of hematopoietic malignancy, we reconstituted mice with hematopoietic cells overexpressing Id1. We showed for the first time that deregulated expression of Id1 leads to a(More)
Mouse knockouts of Cdk2 and Cdk4 have demonstrated that, individually, these genes are not essential for viability. To investigate whether there is functional redundancy, we have generated double knockout (DKO) mice. Cdk2-/- Cdk4-/- DKOs die during embryogenesis around E15 as a result of heart defects. We observed a gradual decrease of Retinoblastoma(More)
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by cutaneous fibrofolliculomas, pulmonary cysts, and kidney malignancies. Affected individuals carry germ line mutations in folliculin (FLCN), a tumor suppressor gene that becomes biallelically inactivated in kidney tumors by second-hit mutations. Similar to other factors(More)
The development of mature blood cells from hematopoietic stem cells requires coordinated activities of transcriptional networks. Transcriptional repressor growth factor independence 1 (Gfi-1) is required for the development of B cells, T cells, neutrophils, and for the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cell function. However, the mechanisms by which Gfi-1(More)
The (histone) deacetylase Sirt1 is a mediator of genomic and epigenetic maintenance, both of which are critical aspects of stem cell homeostasis and tightly linked to their functional decline in aging and disease. We show that Sirt1 ablation in adult hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) promotes aberrant HSPC expansion specifically under(More)
The present studies have investigated, for the first time, the synergistic effects of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-11 on the growth of single murine bone marrow progenitor cells. These studies suggest that IL-4 and IL-11 are synergistic hematopoietic growth factors, enhancing colony formation of bone marrow progenitors from normal mice in the presence of(More)
Murine bone marrow cells expressing the cell surface Ag RB6-8C5 were identified by fluorescence-activated cell-sorting analysis using a rat IgG mAb. The fluorescent intensity of RB6-8C5 was variable on bone marrow cells. This made it possible to separate bone marrow cells into distinct subpopulations, RB6-8C5neg, RB6-8C5lo, and RB6-8C5hi cells. Morphologic(More)