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Previous data suggest the existence of discrete pools of inositol lipids, which are components of a nuclear phosphoinositide (PI) cycle. However, it is not known whether the contents of these pools are regulated during cell proliferation. In the present study we demonstrate that the mass levels of three important constituents of the nuclear PI cycle are(More)
In N1E-115 cells, neurite retraction induced by neurite remodelling factors such as lysophosphatidic acid, sphingosine 1-phosphate and semaphorin 3A require the activity of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinases (PIP5Ks). PIP5Ks synthesise the phosphoinositide lipid second messenger phosphatidylinositol(4,5)bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P₂], and(More)
BACKGROUND The provision of stress resistance diverts resources from development and reproduction and must therefore be tightly regulated. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the switch to increased stress resistance to promote survival through periods of starvation is regulated by the DAF-16/FOXO transcription factor. Reduction-of-function mutations in AGE-1, the(More)
Inhibitor of growth protein-2 (ING2) is a nuclear adaptor protein that can regulate p53 and histone acetylation in response to cellular stress and contains a PHD (plant homeodomain) finger that can interact with phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate (PtdIns5P). However, whether or how nuclear PtdIns5P levels are regulated in response to cellular stress or(More)
Phosphoinositides are localized in various intracellular compartments and can regulate a number of intracellular functions, such as cytoskeletal dynamics and membrane trafficking. Phospholipase Ds (PLDs) are regulated enzymes that hydrolyse phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) to generate the putative second messenger phosphatidic acid (PtdOH). In vitro, PLDs have(More)
Enzymatic pretreatment of softwood kraft pulp was investigated using xylanase A (XylA) from Neocallimastix patriciarum in combination with mannanase and alpha-galactosidase. Mannanase A (ManA) from Pseudomonas fluorescens subsp. cellulosa and ManA from Clostridium thermocellum, both family 26 glycosyl hydrolases, are structurally diverse and exhibit(More)
Although an established regulator of many cellular functions, the phosphoinositide phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2) appears to have evaded the attention of drug-discovery companies. An increasing number of reports have identified potential links between PtdIns(4,5)P2-mediated signalling pathways and the aetiology of many human(More)
The phosphoinositide phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2)) is essential for many cellular processes and is linked to the etiology of numerous human diseases . PtdIns(4,5)P(2) has been indirectly implicated as a negative regulator of apoptosis ; however, it is unclear if apoptotic stimuli negatively regulate PtdIns(4,5)P(2) levels in vivo.(More)
Cellulosomes prepared by the cellulose affinity digestion method from Clostridium thermocellum culture supernatant hydrolysed carob galactomannan during incubation at 60 degrees C and pH 6.5. A recombinant phage expressing mannanase activity was isolated from a library of C. thermocellum genomic DNA constructed in lambdaZAPII. The cloned fragment of DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate [PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)] is a key second messenger found ubiquitously in higher eukaryotic cells. The activation of Class I phosphoinositide 3-kinases and the subsequent production of PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) is an important cell signaling event that has been causally linked to the activation of a variety of(More)