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In a multilingual Semantic Web, authors might write in precise, expressive varieties of diverse languages. Do such controlled languages exist? Of 41 candidates, just 4 were (1) designed for multiple domains and genres and (2) documented enough for evaluation. A sample of Web statements on health and human rights revealed limited expressivity or precision in(More)
PanLex is a lemmatic translation resource which combines a large number of translation dictionaries and other translin-gual lexical resources. It currently covers 1353 language varieties and 12M expressions , but aims to cover all languages and up to 350M expressions. This paper describes the resource and current applications of it, as well as lextract, a(More)
PanLex, a project of The Long Now Foundation, aims to enable the translation of lexemes among all human languages in the world. By focusing on lexemic translations, rather than grammatical or corpus data, it achieves broader lexical and language coverage than related projects. The PanLex database currently documents 20 million lexemes in about 9,000(More)
Like other linguistically diverse institutions, the European Union promotes conflicting values as it chooses official languages. Increased activism and the admission of new states threaten a language-policy crisis. One approach to a solution is to analyze more carefully than before the universe of possible language regimes for institutions like the EU and(More)
The world is losing some of its 7,000 languages. Hypothesizing that language attrition might subside if all languages were intertranslatable, the PanLex project supports panlingual lexical translation by integrating all known lexical translations. Semantic Web technologies can flexibly represent and reason with the content of its database and interlink it(More)
The need for translation among the world's thousands of natural languages makes information access and communication costly. One possible solution is lemmatic communication: A human sender encodes a message into sequences of lemmata (dictionary words), a massively multilingual lexical translation engine translates them into lemma sequences in a target(More)
This article describes a project that explored the relationship between aggression and creativity in music therapy. It examines the role of aggression in psychological growth and how music therapy might have a unique role in channelling aggression. An exploratory qualitative study included a mixed methods approach of a case study and thematic analysis of(More)