Jonathan Patrick Castillo

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It is widely accepted that small DNA tumor viruses, such as adenovirus, simian virus 40 and papillomavirus, push infected cells into S-phase to facilitate the replication of their genome. Until recently, it was believed that the large DNA viruses (i.e. herpesviruses) functioned very differently in this regard by inducing a G(1) arrest in infected cells as(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) encodes several proteins that can modulate components of the cell cycle machinery. The UL123 gene product, IE1-72, binds the Rb-related, p107 protein and relieves its repression of E2F-responsive promoters; however, it is unable to induce quiescent cells to enter S phase in wild-type (p53(+/+)) cells. IE1-72 also induces p53(More)
DNA damage resulting from intrinsic or extrinsic sources activates DNA damage responses (DDRs) centered on protein kinase signaling cascades. The usual consequences of inducing DDRs include the activation of cell cycle checkpoints together with repair of the damaged DNA or induction of apoptosis. Many DNA viruses elicit host DDRs during infection and some(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a ubiquitous herpesvirus that has been implicated in several disorders, including an association between HCMV reactivation and the overproliferation of arterial smooth muscle cells observed in restenosis. Although HCMV can mediate a growth-arrest phenotype in infected cells, the virus can also promote an environment conducive(More)
Vaccination with formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine results in enhanced respiratory tract inflammation and injury following subsequent RSV infection. RSV vaccine-enhanced disease can also be produced in mice by prior vaccination with a vaccinia virus vector containing the RSV G protein, followed by intranasal infectious RSV(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a member of the Herpesviridae family and is recognized as a significant pathogen to certain subgroups of the human population. It has become apparent that HCMV manipulation of the host cell cycle as well as the immune response promotes the replication and propagation of the virus. The ability of HCMV to modulate components of(More)
The proper maintenance of the pathways governing cell growth is critical to ensure cell survival and DNA fidelity. Much of our understanding of how the cell cycle is regulated comes from studies examining the relationship between DNA viruses and the mechanisms of cell proliferation control. There are numerous examples demonstrating that viruses can alter(More)
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