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We have compared three bolus and infusion regimens of remifentanil on the cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and orotracheal intubation in three groups of 20 ASA I-II female patients, in a randomized, double-blind study. Patients in group 1 received glycopyrolate 200 micrograms i.v. followed by a bolus dose of remifentanil 1 microgram kg-1 over 30 s(More)
Opioid addicts are more likely to present with infections suggesting opioids are immune modulators. The potential sites/mechanism(s) for this modulation are controversial and on close inspection not well supported by the current literature. It has long been assumed that opioid-induced immune modulation occurs via a combination of direct actions on the(More)
The nociceptin receptor (NOP) and its ligand nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) have been shown to exert a modulatory effect on immune cells during sepsis. We evaluated the suitability of an experimental lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis model for studying changes in the nociceptin system. C57BL/6 mice BALB/c mice and Wistar rats were inoculated with(More)
BACKGROUND The systemic inflammatory response to infection (sepsis) involves widespread organ dysfunction, including changes in immune modulation, cardiovascular derangements, and neural activation. Two neuropeptide/receptor systems, nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) which acts at the non-classical opioid receptor NOP and urotensin-II (U-II) which acts at the(More)
Nociceptin/orphanin FQ, N/OFQ, and its receptor NOP represent a non-opioid branch of the opioid superfamily that were first studied for their effects on pain responses. Both N/OFQ and NOP are involved in a wide range of 'non-pain' responses including immunomodulation and cardiovascular control. There is now growing interest in this system in inflammation(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) transcribe mRNA for the nonclassical opioid nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) receptor (NOP). We probed for the N/OFQ precursor, pre-pro-N/OFQ (ppN/OFQ). METHODS Using PBMC from 10 healthy volunteers we probed for ppN/OFQ using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based experimental paradigms. RESULTS In(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) is a non-classical endogenous opioid peptide that modulates immune function in vitro. Its importance in inflammation and human sepsis is unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship between N/OFQ, transcripts for its precursor (pre-pro-N/OFQ [ppNOC]) and receptor (NOP),(More)
Properdin is a normal serum protein that increases the production of complement activation products by binding C3b integral to convertase complexes and amplifying their activity at the site of activation. Thereby, it not only can aid in the resolution of infection but also contribute to tissue damage. In human sepsis, circulating complement C3(More)
A case of instrumental perforation of the oesophagus is presented. This caused systemic sepsis, requiring tracheal intubation and positive pressure ventilation. Sudden unexpected life-threatening airway obstruction was caused by distal tracheal compression by a peritracheal abscess. The aetiology and management of distal tracheal obstruction is discussed.
contact with the skin in heavily perspiring patients. The six episodes of detachment all occurred with the use of a flexible plastic version of the sensor. This problem seems to have been solved with the use of a new cloth sensor. Conversely, the Capnomask TM was removed on numerous occasions in three patients, which required the intervention of a(More)