Jonathan P. Stack

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Hypothermia was studied 5 min before, and 30 and 60 min after intraperitoneal administration of ethanol (3 g/kg) in 20 inbred strains of mice. Ethanol was given daily for 8 days, and temperatures were taken on Days 1, 3, 5, and 8. Tolerance was indexed by the reduction in hypothermia over days. There were large strain differences in baseline temperature,(More)
Resting pituitary levels of beta-endorphin-(beta-EP-IR), ACTH-(ACTH-IR), and alpha-MSH-(alpha-MSH-IR)-like immunoreactive material were found to differ among 16 inbred mouse strains. Hormone levels correlated genetically with severity of withdrawal from ethanol, which also differed among the strains. Ethanol dependence led to reduced pituitary beta-EP-IR in(More)
Endostatin (ES), the C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII known for its anti-angiogenic properties, is associated with neurological diseases in mammals. In this study, we investigated the effect of ES on nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neuronal differentiation, migration, neuritogenesis, and neurite extension. ES partially inhibited PC12 cell(More)
We have investigated the molecular weight forms of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides present in rat pituitaries during fetal and early postnatal development (embryonic Day 14 to 3 day neonate). At all early ages examined, the major immunoreactive form of corticotropin (ACTH) was POMC. Only during late fetal and early postnatal stages did(More)
We have studied the post-translational processing of POMC-derived peptides during fetal monkey pituitary development using immunoassay and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP HPLC). Whole pituitary glands obtained from Day 50 and 55 fetal monkeys and separated lobes From Day 65 to 155 were extracted, fractionated, and analyzed for(More)
We have studied the post-translational processing of POMC-derived peptides during fetal monkey development using immunoassay and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP HPLC). Pituitary tissues obtained from fetal monkeys ranging from Gestational Day 50 to 155 were fractionated and analyzed for ACTH- and alpha-MSH-related peptides and(More)
The whole pituitary contents of beta-endorphin and ACTH were found to vary widely among 5 inbred strains of mice. beta-endorphin values were 2.5-fold different and ACTH values 1.5-fold. Strains low in beta-endorphin were also low in ACTH. The existence of genetic differences raises the possibility that there exist, or can be developed, strains with(More)
There is growing interest in using embryonic stem cell (ESC) and induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derivatives for tissue regeneration. However, an increased understanding of human immune responses to stem cell-derived allografts is necessary for maintaining long-term graft persistence. To model this alloimmunity, humanized mice engrafted with human(More)
UNLABELLED A multi-chamber perifusion system, capable of detecting transient secretory events, was used to define the roles of stepwise changes and gradients of K+ concentration in modulation of alpha-MSH and endorphin secretion. Fifteen dispersed mouse neuro-intermediate lobes per chamber were perifused with Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium at 0.5 ml/min.(More)