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High-resistance strength training (HRST) is one of the most widely practiced forms of physical activity, which is used to enhance athletic performance, augment musculo-skeletal health and alter body aesthetics. Chronic exposure to this type of activity produces marked increases in muscular strength, which are attributed to a range of neurological and(More)
PURPOSE Electromechanical delay (EMD) and rate of force development (RFD) are determinants of explosive neuromuscular performance. We may expect a contrast in EMD and RFD between explosive power athletes, who have a demonstrable ability for explosive contractions, and untrained individuals. However, comparison and the neuromuscular mechanisms for any(More)
This study investigated the neural and peripheral adaptations to short-term training for explosive force production. Ten men trained the knee extensors with unilateral explosive isometric contractions (1 s 'fast and hard') for 4 weeks. Before and after training, force was recorded at 50-ms intervals from force onset (F(50), F(100) and F(150)) during both(More)
PURPOSE Dietary nitrate supplementation positively affects cardiovascular function at rest and energy metabolism during exercise in humans and has recently also been reported to markedly enhance the in vitro contractile properties of mouse fast-twitch muscle. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of short-term nitrate supplementation on the(More)
In this study we investigated the contribution of neural adaptations to strength changes after 4 weeks of unilateral isometric resistance training. Maximal and submaximal isometric knee extension contractions were assessed before and after training. Surface electromyography (EMG) data were collected from the agonist and antagonist muscles and normalized to(More)
The possibility of post-activation potentiation (PAP), enhanced neuromuscular performance following prior contractile activity, has received considerable attention but with little assessment of physiological changes. Maximum twitch force and H-reflex amplitude can be used to quantify the effect of prior activity, and may account for any PAP. Quadriceps(More)
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D and alpha-actinin 3 (ACTN3) R/X polymorphisms have been suggested to influence variations in skeletal muscle function. This study investigated the association between ACE I/D and ACTN3 R/X polymorphisms and muscle strength and contractile properties in young UK Caucasian men. Measurements of the knee extensor(More)
INTRODUCTION This study determined the between-session reliability of neuromuscular measurements during explosive isometric contractions, with special consideration of electromyography (EMG) normalization. METHODS Following familiarization, 13 men participated in 3 identical measurement sessions involving maximal and explosive voluntary contractions of(More)
Bilateral deficit (BLD) describes the phenomenon of a reduction in performance during synchronous bilateral (BL) movements when compared to the sum of identical unilateral (UL) movements. Despite a large body of research investigating BLD of maximal voluntary force (MVF) there exist a paucity of research examining the BLD for explosive strength. Therefore,(More)