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This report constitutes an unrefereed manuscript which is intended to be submitted for publication. Any opinions and conclusions expressed in this report are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the Institute. Abstract In contrast to all other microprocessors, which use floating-point for their real arithmetic, the European(More)
The logarithmic number system has been proposed as an alternative to floating-point arithmetic. Multiplication, division and square-root operations are accomplished with fixed-point methods, but addition and subtraction are considerably more challenging. Recent work has demonstrated that these operations too can be done with similar speed and accuracy to(More)
The remarkable properties of graphene have renewed interest in inorganic, two-dimensional materials with unique electronic and optical attributes. Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are layered materials with strong in-plane bonding and weak out-of-plane interactions enabling exfoliation into two-dimensional layers of single unit cell thickness.(More)
If they could be easily exfoliated, layered materials would become a diverse source of two-dimensional crystals whose properties would be useful in applications ranging from electronics to energy storage. We show that layered compounds such as MoS(2), WS(2), MoSe(2), MoTe(2), TaSe(2), NbSe(2), NiTe(2), BN, and Bi(2)Te(3) can be efficiently dispersed in(More)
We present the science and technology roadmap for graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems, targeting an evolution in technology, that might lead to impacts and benefits reaching into most areas of society. This roadmap was developed within the framework of the European Graphene Flagship and outlines the main targets and research areas(More)
(nominal inner diameter: 0.6 mm) needles into rotating 40 wt.-% PEI (branched; average molecular weight, M w ~ 25 000; water-free; Aldrich) solutions in methanol. The SWNT/PEI composite fibers were characterized by SEM (LEO 1590 VP microscope) and micro-Raman spectroscopy (Jobin± Yvon Horiba high-resolution LabRam micro-Raman spectrometer; helium±neon(More)
We have developed methods to exfoliate MoS 2 in large quantities in surfactant-water solutions. This method can be extended to a range of other layered compounds. The layered material tends to be exfoliated as relatively defect free flakes with lateral sizes of 100s of nm. in layered crystals and can be metals, semiconductors or insulators. [1] In addition,(More)
To progress from the laboratory to commercial applications, it will be necessary to develop industrially scalable methods to produce large quantities of defect-free graphene. Here we show that high-shear mixing of graphite in suitable stabilizing liquids results in large-scale exfoliation to give dispersions of graphene nanosheets. X-ray photoelectron(More)