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OBJECTIVES Tracheal intubation of ICU patients is frequently associated with severe hypoxemia. Although noninvasive ventilation reduces desaturation during intubation of severely hypoxemic patients, it does not allow for per-procedure oxygenation and has not been evaluated in mild-to-moderate hypoxemic patients for whom high-flow nasal cannula oxygen may be(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficiency, safety and outcome of high flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) in ICU patients with acute respiratory failure. METHODS Pilot prospective monocentric study. Thirty-eight patients were included. Baseline demographic and clinical data, as well as respiratory variables at baseline and various times after HFNC initiation during(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to investigate whether exposure to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) at the early stage of severe pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission may affect its presentation and outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS Medical records of ICU adult patients (12-year period)(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis has been suggested as an intermediate process between tracheobronchial colonisation and ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. We aimed to establish the incidence and effect of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis in a large, international patient cohort. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) on patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) in comparison with conventional oxygen therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a prospective observational study. Patients with persistent ARF despite oxygen with conventional facemask without indication(More)
PURPOSE Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is a treatment option in patients with acute respiratory failure who are good candidates for intensive care but have declined tracheal intubation. The aim of our study was to report outcomes after NIV in patients with a do-not-intubate (DNI) order. METHODS Prospective observational cohort study in all patients who(More)
Importance In the intensive care unit (ICU), orotracheal intubation can be associated with increased risk of complications because the patient may be acutely unstable, requiring prompt intervention, often by a practitioner with nonexpert skills. Video laryngoscopy may decrease this risk by improving glottis visualization. Objective To determine whether(More)
Advances in high-throughput DNA sequencing allow for a comprehensive analysis of bacterial genes that contribute to virulence in a specific infectious setting. Such information can yield new insights that affect decisions on how to best manage major public health issues such as the threat posed by increasing antimicrobial drug resistance. Much of the focus(More)
PURPOSE Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is a major supportive treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) in intensive care unit (ICU), but the timing of its initiation remains open to debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed ICU patients who had AKI associated with at least one usual RRT criteria: serum creatinine concentration greater than(More)
BACKGROUND Beneficial effects of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen on oxygenation and respiratory parameters have been reported in a small number of subjects with acute respiratory failure (ARF). We aimed to evaluate its effect in subjects with ARDS. METHODS This was an observational single-center study. Prospectively obtained data were(More)