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PURPOSE To retrospectively assess whether magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with opposed-phase and in-phase gradient-echo (GRE) sequences and MR feature analysis can differentiate angiomyolipomas (AMLs) that contain minimal fat from clear cell renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), with particular emphasis on small (<3-cm) masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional(More)
Cells enter senescence, a state of stable proliferative arrest, in response to a variety of cellular stresses, including telomere erosion, DNA damage, and oncogenic signaling, which acts as a barrier against malignant transformation in vivo. To identify genes controlling senescence, we conducted an unbiased screen for small hairpin RNAs that extend the life(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) plays a key role in progression to incurable androgen ablation-resistant prostate cancer (PCA). We have identified three novel AR splice variants lacking the ligand-binding domain (designated as AR3, AR4, and AR5) in hormone-insensitive PCA cells. AR3, one of the major splice variants expressed in human prostate tissues, is(More)
High-mobility group A2 (HMGA2) is commonly overexpressed in large leiomyomas. HMGA2 is an important regulator of cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and transformation. As a predicted target of Let-7 microRNAs (Let-7s), HMGA2 can be repressed by Let-7s in vitro. MicroRNA profiling analysis revealed that Let-7s were significantly dysregulated in uterine(More)
The genetic hallmark of hemangioblastomas and clear cell-renal cell carcinomas (CC-RCCs) is loss-of-function of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor protein. VHL is required for oxygen-dependent degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha). In hemangioblastomas and CC-RCCs, HIF-1alpha is constitutively overexpressed leading to(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to retrospectively describe the MRI features of the pathologically related entities renal oncocytoma and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-eight cases of histologically proven renal oncocytoma and 15 of chromophobe RCC evaluated with preoperative MRI from January 2003 through June(More)
Cells respond to certain soluble factors that bind to cell surface receptors possessing intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity. Overexpression of these molecules has been associated with tumor progression. Enhanced prostatic cancer cell growth in vitro has been reported in the presence of certain growth factors. To characterize the patterns of expression of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess associations between quantitative MRI metrics and pathologic indicators of aggressiveness of urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this retrospective biinstitutional study, 37 patients (28 men and nine women; mean age, 73 ± 12 years) who underwent pelvic MRI including(More)
We investigated the prevalence and clinical relevance of p53 nuclear overexpression, as detected by antibody PAb1801 and immunohistochemistry, in 33 patients with carcinoma in situ of the bladder. Median followup was 124 months. Disease progressed in 16 patients (48%) during followup. The association between p53 nuclear overexpression and tumor progression(More)