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Proteolysis is essential for the execution of many cellular functions. These include removal of incorrectly folded or damaged proteins, the activation of transcription factors, the ordered degradation of proteins involved in cell cycle control, and the generation of peptides destined for presentation by class I molecules of the major histocompatibility(More)
The proteasome is a multicatalytic protease complex that plays a key role in diverse cellular functions. The peptide vinyl sulfone, carboxybenzyl-leucyl-leucyl-leucine vinyl sulfone (Z-L3VS) covalently inhibits the trypsin-like, chymotrypsin-like and, unlike lactacystin, also the peptidylglutamyl peptidase activity in isolated proteasomes, and blocks their(More)
The gamma delta T cell receptor (TCR) of the hybridoma KN6 recognizes the self molecule encoded by a class I gene which maps within the TL region of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of H-2b mice. Mice transgenic (Tg) for this TCR were crossed with mice genetically deficient in beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m). No mature Tg gamma delta T cells were(More)
We examined structure and expression of the p53 and Rb genes in a C3HOS transplantable mouse model of osteosarcoma. The results were compared to analogous studies conducted with five human osteosarcoma cell lines. The p53 gene was found rearranged in the mouse tumour. The rearrangement mapped to the first intron region of the p53 gene and as a result, no(More)
BACKGROUND The proteasome is a multicatalytic protease complex responsible for most cytosolic protein breakdown. The complex has several distinct proteolytic activities that are defined by the preference of each for the carboxyterminal (P1) amino acid residue. Although mutational studies in yeast have begun to define substrate specificities of individual(More)
Two pro-ligands ((R)LH) comprised of an o,p-di-tert-butyl-substituted phenol covalently bonded to a benzimidazole ((Bz)LH) or a 4,5-di-p-methoxyphenyl substituted imidazole ((PhOMe)LH), have been structurally characterised. Each possesses an intramolecular O-H[dot dot dot]N hydrogen bond between the phenolic O-H group and an imidazole nitrogen atom and (1)H(More)
Protein X-ray crystallography has revealed the structures of the active sites of several molybdenum- and tungsten-containing enzymes that catalyze formal hydroxylation and oxygen atom transfer reactions. Each molybdenum (or tungsten) atom is coordinated by one (or two) ene-dithiolate groups of a novel pterin (molybdopterin), and the active sites are further(More)
Twenty-three Post Mortem Human Surrogate (PMHS) limbs were impacted using a test set up that was developed to simulate the loading conditions seen in a frontal collision. Articulation studies were performed on each limb prior to impact. Failure occurred at impact loads of 5.7+/-1.9 kN (resultant tibial failure load 6.4+/-1.9 kN) and the following injuries(More)
Haemolymph polypeptides from Plasmodium-refractory and -susceptible mosquitoes were compared by one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The refractory strain of Anopheles gambiae kills malaria parasites by a humoral melanization mechanism whereas the parasites develop normally in susceptible mosquitoes. The two strains respond in a similar manner to(More)