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Because of a lack of data supporting traditional dosing regimens for aminoglycosides, especially in extremely low-birth-weight infants, the authors developed revised dosing guidelines. The new guidelines increased doses to 5 mg/kg (over traditional doses of 2.5 mg/kg) and lengthened the dosing interval. When results of the two regimens were compared in 120(More)
In the six-year period from 1975 through 1980, acquired subglottic stenosis was recognized in eight patients during the first year of life who survived intubated mechanical ventilation as newborn infants. Seven of eight cases occurred in infants who weighed less than 1,500 g at birth. This complication was not seen in the first three years of the review,(More)
AIMS This study aimed to assess prescribers' monitoring for arrhythmic risk with QT-prolonging medications (LQT drugs). METHODS Over a 6-month period, all inpatients under the care of Cardiologists (Cohort A) and General Physicians (Cohort B) at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary who were prescribed drugs with known risk of Torsades de Pointes (TdP) were(More)
OBJECTIVE Using an evidence-based approach, a Vermont Oxford Network focus group whose goal was to reduce brain injury developed and implemented a number of potentially better practices. Each center approached implementation of the practices differently. Reducing the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia are important for(More)
In the 6-year period between 1977 and 1982 inclusive, 75 newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia of Bochdelek underwent corrective surgery during the first 24 hours of life. A total of 40 infants (53%) survived. Beginning in January 1980, a standardized approach to care including early use of mechanical ventilation and paralysis with(More)
Contemporary medical practice in the NICU sometimes leads to conflicts between providers and parents in which the parent demands continuation of life-sustaining treatment that the medical team deems medically inappropriate or futile. Such conflicts can be difficult to resolve and trying for all parties. Here we describe a conflict involving a(More)
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is a rare cause of cyanosis in the newborn with nine previously reported cases. Typical signs at presentation include cyanosis, murmur, and congestive heart failure. Abnormality on chest x-ray is common with cardiomegaly, oligemia, and focal pulmonary density. There is a male predominance, unlike older children(More)