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Journals and Conferences
Populating virtual environments (VEs) with large crowds is a subject that has been tackled for several years. Solutions have been proposed to offer realistic trajectories as well as interactivity, but limitations remain on the environment dimensions with respect to population density. In this paper, we extend the concept of motion patches [Lee et al. 2006]… (More)
Real-time crowd motion planning requires fast, realistic methods for path planning as well as obstacle avoidance. The difficulty to find a satisfying trade-off between efficiency and believability is particularly challenging, and prior techniques tend to focus on a single approach. In this paper, we present a hybrid architecture to handle the path planning… (More)
This paper introduces a framework for real-time simulation and rendering of crowds navigating in a virtual environment. The solution first consists in a specific environment preprocessing technique giving rise to navigation graphs, which are then used by the navigation and simulation tasks. Second, navigation planning interactively provides various… (More)
Pompeii was a Roman city, destroyed and completely buried during an eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius. We have revived its past by creating a 3D model of its previous appearance and populated it with crowds of Virtual Romans. In this paper, we detail the process, based on archaeological data, to simulate ancient Pompeii life in real time. In a first… (More)
In this paper we propose a new method for rendering crowds of virtual humans with dynamically deformed skeletons with levels of detail using two simple caching schemes for animations and geometry. We show how the virtual heritage project ERATO pushed for these innovations as we did not find any off-theshelf products for the purpose. We also show how to… (More)
Real-time crowd simulations are realistic only if each human instance looks unique. A proposed solution varies the shape of human instances by attaching accessories. It also modifies the instances' appearance with a generic technique based on segmentation maps that can generate detailed color variety and patterns.
The purpose of this paper is to identify the problems to solve in order to simulate real-time crowds in a Virtual Environment. We try to classify these problems and study how they have been addressed until now by the research community and our Lab in particular. We then discuss for each problem what are the future challenges and how to address them.
We present a method of fully dynamically rendered virtual humans with variety in color, animation and appearance. This is achieved by using vertex and fragment shaders programmed in the OpenGL shading language (GLSL). We then compare our results with a fixed function pipeline based approach. We also show a color variety creation GUI using HSB color space… (More)
The YaQ software platform is a complete system dedicated to real-time crowd simulation and rendering. Fitting multiple application domains, such as video games and VR, YaQ aims to provide efficient algorithms to generate crowds comprising up to thousands of varied virtual humans navigating in large-scale, global environments.
Real-time crowd motion planning requires fast, realistic methods for path planning as well as obstacle avoidance. In a previous work (Morini et al. in Cyberworlds International Conference, pp. 144–151, 2007), we introduced a hybrid architecture to handle real-time motion planning of thousands of pedestrians. In this article, we present an extended version… (More)