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Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin and Escherichia coli alpha-hemolysin are RTX toxins that kill human immune cells. We have obtained a monoclonal antibody (295) to a cell surface molecule present on toxin-sensitive HL60 cells that can inhibit cytolysis by both RTX toxins. Utilization of this monoclonal antibody for immunoaffinity purification(More)
OBJECTIVE Immediate and early loading of dental implants can simplify treatment and increase overall patient satisfaction. The purpose of this 3-year prospective randomized-controlled multicenter study was to assess the differences in survival rates and bone level changes between immediately and early-loaded implants with a new chemically modified surface(More)
Periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLFs) are a heterogeneous population of cells that are involved in the normal maintenance, repair and regeneration of both the ligament and adjacent hard tissues. Additionally, the ability of these cells to respond to mechanical stimulation suggests that they have a central role in mediating the osseous remodeling that(More)
RTX toxins are important virulence factors produced by a wide range of Gram-negative bacteria. They fall into two categories: the hemolysins, which affect a variety of cell types, and the leukotoxins, which are cell-type- and species-specific. These toxins offer interesting models for targeting, insertion and translocation of aqueous proteins into lipid(More)
The Cdt is a family of gram-negative bacterial toxins that typically arrest eukaryotic cells in the G0/G1 or G2/M phase of the cell cycle. The toxin is a heterotrimer composed of the cdtA, cdtB and cdtC gene products. Although it has been shown that the CdtA protein subunit binds to cells in culture and in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CELISA) the(More)
INTRODUCTION Cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) is potentially one of several virulence factors of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, the prime etiological agent of localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP). Little is known regarding the Cdt-specific antibody response in humans. The current study is a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the(More)
Pasteurella haemolytica leukotoxin (LKT) is a member of the RTX family of pore-forming toxins that kill bovine immune cells. Several studies have suggested that RTX toxins kill target cells by the induction of apoptosis. In the present study, BL3 bovine leukaemia cells were exposed to LKT and assessed by molecular and flow cytometric techniques that measure(More)
Human periodontal ligament fibroblasts were subjected to 10% cyclic equibiaxial tensional and compressive forces in vitro. Media supernatants were analyzed for changes in total protein, extracellular matrix proteins type I collagen and fibronectin, as well as MMP expression by gelatin zymography and Western blot. RNA analyses for changes in collagen, MMP-2,(More)
BACKGROUND Periodontitis is characterized by extensive destruction of the gingival tissues and associated supporting structures of the teeth. Although the pathogenesis of the various forms of this disease is not completely understood, host-derived proteases are believed to have an important role. In this study, we analyzed human tissue samples from chronic(More)
B-lineage cells (B lymphocytes and plasma cells) predominate in the inflammatory infiltrate of human chronic periodontitis. However, their role in disease pathogenesis and the factors responsible for their persistence in chronic lesions are poorly understood. In this regard, two cytokines of the TNF ligand superfamily, a proliferation-inducing ligand(More)