Jonathan M. Gerrard

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The biological efficacy of oxidants is based on a highly regulated equilibrium between the production of oxygen radicals and the counteracting defense mechanisms of antioxidant scavenging systems and repair enzymes for the elimination of the degraded bioproducts. Imbalance of this finely tuned, sophisticated equilibrium can result in oxidative stress(More)
Inhibition of human platelet aggregation by N,N-diethyl-2-[4-(phenylmethyl)phenoxy]ethanamine-HCl (DPPE), a novel antagonist of histamine binding, suggested that histamine might serve a critical role in cell function. Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) or collagen was found to increase platelet histamine content in parallel with promotion of aggregation.(More)
The effect of dietary fatty acid composition on plasma lipids and eicosanoid production was studied in normolipidemic men. Approximately 75% of the fat in the diet was provided by a mixture of fats (MF) during the 6-d pre and postperiods and either canola oil (CO) or sunflower oil (SO) during the two 18-d experimental periods. Saturated, monounsaturated,(More)
We recently reported the characterization of a platelet granule membrane protein of molecular weight (mol wt) 40,000 called granulophysin (Gerrard et al: Blood 77:101, 1991), identified by a monoclonal antibody (MoAb D545) raised to purified dense granule membranes. Using immunoelectron-microscopic techniques on frozen thin sections, this protein was(More)
The biochemistry of platelets from two unrelated patients with the gray platelet syndrome, a deficiency of platelet alpha-granules, has been evaluated. Ultrastructural studies of their platelets revealed the number of alpha-granules to be less than 15% of normal, whereas the number of dense bodies was within normal limits. Platelets from both patients had(More)
Platelet production of 12L-hydroxy-5,8,10-heptadecatrienoic acid (HHT) and 8-(1-hydroxy-3-oxopropyl)-9, 12L-dihydroxy-5,10-heptadecadienoic acid (PHD), two metabolites of the prostaglandin cyclic endoperoxides PGG2 and PGH2, was found in this investigation to occur primarily in a platelet microsomal fraction consisting almost exclusively of membranes. To(More)
The effects of in vitro changes in calcium and albumin on human platelet arachidonic acid metabolism were evaluated. Hypoalbuminemia enhanced the conversion of released 14C-arachidonic acid from prelabeled platelet phospholipids to the metabolites of the platelet cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways. This effect was, however, associated with a decreased(More)
The present study has investigated the influence of agents which elevate intracellular levels of endogenous platelet adenosine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP), and the effect of the exogenous cyclic AMP analog, dibutyryl cyclic AMP, on the conversion of 14C-arachidonic acid by washed platelets. Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1), PGE1 with theophylline, or(More)