Learn More
The mechanism by which the serine-threonine kinase glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3beta) affects survival of renal epithelial cells after acute stress is unknown. Using in vitro and in vivo models, we tested the hypothesis that GSK3beta promotes Bax-mediated apoptosis, contributing to tubular injury and organ dysfunction after acute renal ischemia.(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) therapy for myocardial repair is limited by the number of stem cells that migrate to, engraft in, and proliferate at sites of injured myocardium. To alleviate this limitation, we studied whether a strategy using a bispecific antibody (BiAb) could target human stem cells specifically to injured myocardium and preserve myocardial(More)
PURPOSE Cancer immunotherapy has been limited by anergy of patient T cells, inadequate numbers of precursor tumor-specific CTL, and difficulty in producing therapeutic doses of CTL. To overcome these limitations, bispecific antibodies have been used to create artificial antibody receptors that direct polyclonal activated T cells (ATC) to target tumor(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistance to rituximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody that binds to CD20, is a major limitation for the successful treatment of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and other CD20+ B-cell malignancies. To circumvent rituximab resistance in these patient populations, we have constructed a bispecific antibody (BiAb), anti-CD3 x anti-CD20 (CD20Bi),(More)
Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells are ex vivo activated and expanded CD8+ natural killer T cells that have been shown to have antitumor activity. This is the first study exploring cell killing of primary ovarian carcinoma cells with and without bispecific antibodies. Primary cancer cells and autologous CIK cells were collected from women with epithelial(More)
Ischemia activates Bax, a proapoptotic BCL2 protein, as well as the prosurvival beta-catenin/Wnt signaling pathway. To test the hypothesis that beta-catenin/Wnt signaling regulates Bax-mediated apoptosis after induction of metabolic stress, which occurs during renal ischemia, we infected immortalized and primary proximal tubular epithelial cells with(More)
Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is a potent antiapoptotic agent. Here, we tested whether it directly regulates renal cell survival and organ function in a model of transient renal ischemia using Hsp70 knockout, heterozygous, and wild-type mice. The kidney cortical Hsp70 content inversely correlated with tubular injury, apoptosis, and organ dysfunction after(More)
The role of mitofusin 2 (MFN2), a key regulator of mitochondrial morphology and function in the renal stress response is unknown. To assess its role, the MFN2 floxed gene was conditionally deleted in the kidney of mice (MFN2 cKO) by Pax2 promoter driven Cre expression (Pax2Cre). MFN2 cKO caused severe mitochondrial fragmentation in renal epithelial cells(More)
Disruption of cell contact sites in renal epithelial cells contributes to organ dysfunction after ischemia. We hypothesized that heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27), a known cytoprotectant protein, preserves cell architecture and cell contact site function during ischemic stress. To test this hypothesis, renal epithelial cells were subjected to transient ATP(More)
Hexokinase (HK), the rate-limiting enzyme in glycolysis, controls cell survival by promoting metabolism and/or inhibiting apoptosis. Since HK isoforms I and II have mitochondrial targeting sequences, we attempted to separate the protective effects of HK on cell metabolism from those on apoptosis. We exposed renal epithelial cells to metabolic stress causing(More)