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Peptides derived from almost all proteins, including disease-associated proteins, can be presented on the cell surface as peptide-human leukocyte antigen (pHLA) complexes. T cells specifically recognize pHLA with their clonally rearranged T-cell receptors (TCRs), whose natural affinities are limited to approximately 1-100 muM. Here we describe the display(More)
T cell recognition is initiated by the binding of TCRs to peptide-MHCs (pMHCs), the interaction being characterized by weak affinity and fast kinetics. Previously, only 16 natural TCR/pMHC interactions have been measured by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Of these, 5 are murine class I, 5 are murine class II, and 6 are human class I-restricted responses.(More)
Analogue peptides with enhanced binding affinity to major histocompatibility class (MHC) I molecules are currently being used in cancer patients to elicit stronger T cell responses. However, it remains unclear as to how alterations of anchor residues may affect T cell receptor (TCR) recognition. We correlate functional, thermodynamic, and structural(More)
The interaction between T cell receptors (TCR) and peptide-major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) antigens can lead to varying degrees of agonism (T cell activation), or antagonism. The P14 TCR recognises the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)-derived peptide, gp33 residues 33-41 (KAVYNFATC), presented in the context of H-2D(b). The cellular(More)
Recognition of antigen by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) is determined by interaction of both the T cell receptor and its CD8 coreceptor with peptide-major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) class I molecules. We examine the relative roles of these receptors in the activation of human CTL using mutations in MHC class I designed to diminish or abrogate the(More)
T cells have evolved a unique system of ligand recognition involving an antigen T cell receptor (TCR) and a coreceptor that integrate stimuli provided by the engagement of peptide-major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) antigens. Here, we use altered pMHC class I (pMHCI) molecules with impaired CD8 binding (CD8-null) to quantify the contribution of(More)
The facilitative glucose transporter from human erythrocyte membrane, Glut1, was purified by a novel method. The nonionic detergent decylmaltoside was selected for solubilization on the basis of its efficiency to extract Glut1 from the erythrocyte membrane and its ability to maintain the protein in a monodisperse state. A positive, anion-exchange(More)
Solution studies of the cytoplasmic domain (molecular mass approximately 40kDa) of band 3, the anion exchanger from human erythrocyte membranes, previously suggested a dimeric molecule on the basis of the relative techniques of calibrated gel filtration and calibrated preparative ultracentrifugation. This dimeric behavior is firmly established on an(More)
Naturally selected T-cell receptors (TCRs) are characterised by low binding affinities, typically in the range 1-100 microM. Crystal structures of syngeneic TCRs bound to peptide major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) antigens exhibit a conserved mode of binding characterised by a distinct diagonal binding geometry, with poor shape complementarity (SC)(More)
A method to produce alphabeta T-cell receptors (TCRs) in a soluble form suitable for biophysical analysis was devised involving in vitro refolding of a TCR fusion protein. Polypeptides corresponding to the variable and constant domains of each chain of a human and a murine receptor, fused to a coiled coil heterodimerization motif from either c-Jun (alpha)(More)