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BACKGROUND Systemic delivery of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) is an attractive approach for myocardial repair. We aimed to test this strategy in a rat model after myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS BM-MSCs were obtained from rat bone marrow, expanded in vitro to a purity of >50%, and labeled with 99mTc exametazime,(More)
BACKGROUND The earthquake that struck the Los Angeles area at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994, was one of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded in a major city in North America. Once the life-threatening situation was over, the Northridge earthquake, so called because its epicenter was near Northridge, California, just north of Los Angeles, provided(More)
Unlike heart valves or blood vessels, heart muscle has no replacement alternatives. The most challenging goal in the field of cardiovascular tissue engineering is the creation/ regeneration of an engineered heart muscle. Recent advances in methods of stem cell isolation, culture in bioreactors, and the synthesis of bioactive materials promise to create(More)
BACKGROUND The myocardium is unable to regenerate because cardiomyocytes cannot replicate after injury. The heart is therefore an attractive target for tissue engineering to replace infarcted myocardium and enhance cardiac function. We tested the feasibility of bioengineering cardiac tissue within novel 3-dimensional (3D) scaffolds. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether stable, high-risk patients with persistent total occlusion of the infarct-related coronary artery identified after the currently accepted period for myocardial salvage has passed should undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in addition to receiving optimal medical therapy to reduce the risk of subsequent events.(More)
In this study we perform in vitro irreversible electroporation (IRE) experiments with human hepatocarcinoma cells (HepG2) to investigate IRE as a new technique for undesirable tissue ablation. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is the irreversible permeabilization of the cell membrane through the application of microsecond through millisecond electrical(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether alginate biomaterial can be delivered effectively into the infarcted myocardium by intracoronary injection to prevent left ventricular (LV) remodeling early after myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Although injectable biomaterials can improve infarct healing and repair, the feasibility and(More)
Cardiac tissue engineering promises to revolutionize the treatment of patients with end-stage heart failure and provide new solutions to the serious problem of heart donor shortage. By its broad definition, tissue engineering involves the construction of tissue equivalents from donor cells seeded within three-dimensional polymeric scaffolds, then culturing(More)
The murine neonatal heart can regenerate after injury through cardiomyocyte (CM) proliferation, although this capacity markedly diminishes after the first week of life. Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) administration has been proposed as a strategy to promote cardiac regeneration. Here, using loss- and gain-of-function genetic tools, we explore the role of the NRG1(More)