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The minimum classification error (MCE) framework for discriminative training is a simple and general formalism for directly optimizing recognition accuracy in pattern recognition problems. The framework applies directly to the optimization of hidden Markov models (HMMs) used for speech recognition problems. However, few if any studies have reported results(More)
Distant-microphone automatic speech recognition (ASR) remains a challenging goal in everyday environments involving multiple background sources and reverberation. This paper is intended to be a reference on the 2nd 'CHiME' Challenge, an initiative designed to analyze and evaluate the performance of ASR systems in a real-world domestic environment. Two(More)
In this paper, we present a simple and fast method to separate a monaural audio signal into harmonic and percussive components, which is much useful for multi-pitch analysis, automatic music transcription, drum detection, modification of music, and so on. Exploiting the differences in the spectrograms of harmonic and percussive components, the objective(More)
Model-based methods and deep neural networks have both been tremendously successful paradigms in machine learning. In model-based methods, we can easily express our problem domain knowledge in the constraints of the model at the expense of difficulties during inference. Deterministic deep neural networks are constructed in such a way that inference is(More)
We address the problem of "cocktail-party" source separation in a deep learning framework called deep clustering. Previous deep network approaches to separation have shown promising performance in scenarios with a fixed number of sources, each belonging to a distinct signal class, such as speech and noise. However, for arbitrary source classes and number,(More)
This paper presents a Bayesian nonparametric latent source discovery method for music signal analysis. In audio signal analysis, an important goal is to decompose music signals into individual notes, with applications such as music transcription, source separation or note-level manipulation. Recently, the use of latent variable decompositions, especially(More)
Separation of speech embedded in non-stationary interference is a challenging problem that has recently seen dramatic improvements using deep network-based methods. Previous work has shown that estimating a masking function to be applied to the noisy spectrum is a viable approach that can be improved by using a signal-approximation based objective function.(More)
This paper presents a new multiplicative algorithm for non-negative matrix factorization with β-divergence. The derived update rules have a similar form to those of the conventional multiplicative algorithm, only differing through the presence of an exponent term depending on β. The convergence is theoretically proven for any real-valued β based on the(More)
enhancement with LSTM recurrent neural networks and its application to noise-HAL is a multidisciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers.(More)
Wiener filtering is one of the most widely used methods in audio source separation. It is often applied on time-frequency representations of signals, such as the short-time Fourier transform (STFT), to exploit their short-term stationarity, but so far the design of the Wiener time-frequency mask did not take into account the necessity for the output(More)