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OBJECTIVE Abdominal aortic coarctation is uncommon and often complicated with coexisting splanchnic and renal artery occlusive disease. This study was undertaken to define the clinical and anatomic characteristics of this entity, as well as the technical issues and outcomes of its operative treatment. METHODS Fifty-three patients, 34 males and 19 females,(More)
BACKGROUND Wartime vascular injury management has traditionally advanced vascular surgery. Despite past military experience, and recent civilian publications, there are no reports detailing current in-theater treatment. The objective of this analysis is to describe the management of vascular injury at the central echelon III surgical facility in Iraq, and(More)
BACKGROUND Torso hemorrhage remains a leading cause of potentially preventable death within trauma, acute care, vascular, and obstetric practice. A proportion of patients exsanguinate before hemorrhage control. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an adjunct designed to sustain the circulation until definitive hemostasis. A(More)
BACKGROUND The present experiments were conducted to explore the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, potential upstream regulators of MMPs, in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). METHODS Rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) from males and females were treated with media containing interleukin (IL)-1beta (2 ng/mL), a concentration(More)
OBJECTIVE Wounding patterns, methods of repair, and outcomes from femoropopliteal injury have been documented in recent civilian literature. In Operation Iraqi Freedom, as in past conflicts, these injuries continue to be a therapeutic challenge. Therefore, the objective of the current study is to document the pattern of femoropopliteal injuries, methods of(More)
OBJECTIVES Determining operative risk in patients undergoing aortic surgery is a difficult process, as multiple variables converge to affect overall mortality. Patient frailty is certainly a contributing factor, but is difficult to measure, with surgeons often relying on subjective or intuitive influences. We sought to use core muscle size as an objective(More)
BACKGROUND Although the management of vascular injury in coalition forces during Operation Iraqi Freedom has been described, there are no reports on the in-theater treatment of wartime vascular injury in the local population. This study reports the complete management of extremity vascular injury in a local wartime population and illustrates the unique(More)
Background—Neutrophils may be an important source of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), two matrix-degrading enzymes thought to be critical in the formation of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The purpose of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that neutrophil depletion would limit experimental AAA(More)
BACKGROUND Hybrid visceral-renal debranching procedures with endovascular repair have recently been proposed as a less invasive alternative to conventional thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) surgery. This study provides a concurrent assessment of hybrid and open TAAA repair. METHODS One hundred two consecutive patients (mean age, 63.0 years)(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular revascularization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the iliac arteries is rapidly becoming first-line treatment, with surgical aortofemoral bypass procedures reserved for failure of endovascular treatment. Percutaneous subintimal recanalization is the most common endovascular revascularization technique for CTO of the iliac(More)